Acidity is more common in highly emotional and nervous individuals. In case of severe gastric ulcer, pain may get aggravated on intake of food and relieved after vomiting. Dyspepsia and heartburn are often the main symptoms of acidity. Heartburn is characterised by a deeply placed, burning pain in the chest behind the sternum. Peptic ulcer disease can sometimes occur without symptoms.
Acid production in patients with duodenal ulcers tends to be higher than normal, while in those with stomach or gastric ulcers, it is usually normal or lower. Pepsin is an enzyme that breaks down proteins. Pepsin and hydrochloric acid cause damage to the stomach or duodenum if the stomach's protective system is altered or damaged. Lack of adequate blood flow to the stomach contributes to ulcers. Symptoms may also arise when there is no ulcer present, which is known as non-ulcer dyspepsia. A suitable diet must be strictly followed avoiding spicy, salty and acidic foods. Smoking and alcohol consumption must be stopped.
Causes of Acidity
Following are the major acidity causes:
- Due to some problems in the functioning of the digestive system
- Sometimes excessive intake of alcohol also leads to acidity
- Acidity also arises either by keeping stomach empty for long time or skipping breakfast
- Eating foods rich in fats like chocolates also causes acidity
- Pregnancy, aging or obesity can also cause acidity
- Eating junk foods, oily and spicy foods also leads to burning sensation in stomach and chest area and causes acidity
Symptoms of Acidity
Following are the major acidity symptoms:
- Restlessness with continuous cramps in the stomach
- Other symptoms of acidity are nausea and vomiting
- Sometimes bellyache is also felt
- Sour belches and passing off wind
- Respiratory problems and coughing
Home Remedies for Acidity
Simple home remedies have been widely practiced since the granny’s age to treat acidity, and these are most effective of all the treatments. However, serious cases do require medical consultation.
- Drink a glass of water early morning in the empty stomach. Water helps in neutralizing the acid to a great extent.
- Taking fresh mint juice is highly effective in treating acidity.
- Milk and milk products are beneficial for treating acidity problems.
- One should reduce the intake of spicy foods to get relief from this problem.
- Sour food items must also be avoided as these aggravate the symptoms of acidity.
- Herbal teas prepared from spearmint, licorice are very effective in reducing acidity. These can be taken in place of regular tea and coffee.
- Chewing one or two cloves after meals also helps in reducing this problem.
- Regular intake of fruits like banana, watermelon, papaya and cucumber are very effective in treating acidity problems.
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