Azoospermia is one of the most severe forms of male factor infertility. It is a condition in which a man has no sperm in his ejaculate. In order to transport sperm outside of the body, it mixes with ejaculate (semen) at certain places throughout the male reproductive system. Sometimes, due to blockages or sperm production problems, sperm does not mix with ejaculate, and therefore cannot leave the body. This is why so many men with azoospermia find it difficult to have children.
Some men have obstructive azoospermia because of an absent vas deferens. Their semen volume is low ( 0.5 ml or less); the pH is acidic and the fructose is negative. The diagnosis can be confirmed by clinical examination, which shows the vas is absent. If the vas can be felt in these men, then the diagnosis is a seminal vesicle obstruction.
Symptoms of Azoospermia
Unfortunately, it is very difficult to recognize azoospermia without undergoing fertility testing. This is because there are no symptoms that occur along with the condition. You will likely have semen of a normal color and texture, and will encounter few difficulties with ejaculation. Only a sperm count can diagnose the condition.
Infertility in men is most often caused by:
Problems making sperm - producing too few sperm or none at all
Problems with the sperm's ability to reach the egg and fertilize it - abnormal sperm shape or structure prevent it from moving correctly
Sometimes a man is born with the problems that affect his sperm. Other times problems start later in life due to illness or injury. For example, cystic fibrosis often causes infertility in men.
Causes Of Azoospermia
Azoospermia causes include the following:
Hormonal imbalance in which hormone controls the production and the health of the sperm. Certain conditions that affect the hormone production affect the sperm count.
Cryptorchidism is a medical condition wherein the testes fails to descend to the scrotum.
Vascular problems particularly a varicocele (dilated veins) in the testes.This causes increased warmth that is not conducive to sperm health.
Infection from infectious process such as sexually transmitted diseases can cause blockage in the passage of the sperm.
Azoospermia Causes of Nil Sperms
The various causes of nil sperm are as follows :
Obstruction in the outflow of semen (Sperms) from testis to outside through urethral opening
Hormone deficiency of pituitary gland as L.H., F.S.H., Prolactin, thyroids hormone causes Azoospermia.
Maturation Arrest is also leads to Azoospermia( Spermatid arrest): of primary spermatocytes to secondary spermatocyte, spermatids or to mature spermatozoa.
Testicular disorders (primary leydig cell dysfunction), Chromosomal (Klinefelter syndrome and variants, XX male gonadal dysgenesis), Defects in androgen biosynthesis, Orchitis (mumps, HIV, other viral)
Varicocele (Grade 3 or more severe): A varicocele is a varicose vein in the cord that connects to the testicle..
Trauma leads to Male Infertility.
Treatment for Azoospermia
Treatment and home remedies for azoospermia can be made through the following solutions:
Masturbate and engage in sex less often.
Avoid smoking, alcohol drinking, and other similar habits that can affect sperm production.
Eat nutritious food and reduce caffeine consumption.
Wear loose underwear.
Engage in yoga and meditation.
Massage your body with herbal oil helps improves blood circulation.
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