Blood clots in the legs are very common conditions that affect many people in U.S. They are also known as DVT or Deep Vein Thrombosis. Without serious attention and proper treatment, they can lead to severe complications. When a person is inactive, then his or her movement is limited.
The blood circulation becomes slow, and finally increases the probability of clot formation. When it blocks the blood circulation to the heart, it may cause a death. Usually DVT affects leg veins like popliteal, femoral or deep veins in the pelvic region. Blood clots in the legs can often be overlooked as a pulled muscle, as they can feel like a "Charlie Horse" type of cramp. Look for swelling of the leg, warmth to touch, redness or bluish discoloration, pain.
Many people have either no warning signs or very vague symptoms prior to forming a significant clot. The symptoms are usually: swelling in the leg and calf, redness and increased warmth in your leg, and pain in the inner thigh and calf. If you experience any warning signs, immediately contact your doctor for an evaluation. Other factors that can lead to increased risk for clotting include genetic diseases such as Lp(a), dehydration, or physical blockage of arteries that can be caused by sitting in one position for a long time.
Any clot has the potential to break off and cause damage, but you lessen your risk of blockage problems if your arteries are pliable and not already partially blocked with plaques. Blood thinners can save your life. They can also have some serious side effects. The most common side effect is bleeding. If it becomes major, you should go to the doctor or visit the emergency room.
Changing position in bed and walking promote circulation. Good blood flow discourages the formation of blood clots and enhances healing. Drink plenty of water so as not to become dehydrated. A blood clot is a natural process that takes place in order to protect us from draining all of its blood when you bleed.
However, in some cases, it can be a very dangerous condition as it can lead to an embolism. The three main types of blood clots are venous thrombosis, arterial thrombi, and blood clots in the heart. Venous thrombosis occurs when stagnant blood pools, usually in the legs, and forms clots. Arterial thrombi happen when plaque in the blood vessels narrow the passageway so that blood gathers at the constricted spot.
There are a variety of things that can lead to a risk of developing blood clots. If you are a smoker then you should try to quit as soon as possible. Obesity is a major contributor to developing blood clots. Problems with blood clotting has strong ties within the family. Blood clots are caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. This condition generally results from inactivity or prolonged bed rest. When blood clots restrict the flow of blood they can create a condition known as ischemia which can result in a permanent injury or death.
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