A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision. Most cataracts are related to aging. Cataracts are very common in older people. By age 80, more than half of all Americans either have a cataract or have had cataract surgery.
A cataract can occur in either or both eyes. It cannot spread from one eye to the other.
Causes of Cataract
Age factor – This is one of the most common causes of cataracts. As the age of the person increases the lens becomes opaque and cloudy. This will slowly reduce clear vision and finally no vision if it is not treated properly.
Damage to the eye – Sometimes the eye lens capsule can be damaged by the foreign bodies entering the eye. This type of cataract that is called is termed as traumatic cataract. People working in glass furnaces and welders are the ones who are mostly affected by this type of cataract. This causes serious damage to the eyes.
Medications for the eye – Care should be taken while using medicines for the eye in the form of eye drops. If it is used without the consultation with doctor then there are chances of cataract forming in the eye.
- Smoking – Too much smoking can lead to opacity of the eye lens. This is caused by the smoke that is emitted due to smoking. This opacity of eye lens leads to cataract.
The symptoms of cataract are not very hard to determine because this problem starts by affecting the outer look of the eye lens. Some of the very common symptoms of cataract are
Cloudy or blurry vision
The faded appearance of the inner texture of the eye lens.
When the problem started getting intense then the person faces difficulty in recognizing different colors especially the blue and green colors.
The night vision of the person with this disease also becomes faded.
Treatment for Cataracts
Cataract surgery is a simple, safe and an effective procedure for treating cataracts. Surgery is the only treatment for removing cataracts and it’s success rate is 98%. The surgeon makes a small incision on the cornea, removes the cloudy lens and replaces it with an implant. The surgery is an outpatient process and the procedure itself usually takes about 20-30 minutes to complete. However, you will not be able to drive after surgery.
Some patients will experience temporary side effects including discomfort after surgery. Your doctor may recommend use of an eye patch to prevent infection. Very rarely patients will experience complications including vision loss, pain, increased redness or nausea and vomiting after surgery.
Dietary supplements and medications have no impact on cataracts, though some lifestyle adjustments may improve symptoms. Simple measures to help improve mild cataracts symptoms include:
Wearing a proper corrective lens.
Using a magnifying glass if necessary to read.
Using appropriate lighting including use of halogen lights in some cases with 100 or 150-watt bulbs.
Limiting nighttime driving.
Home Remedies for Cataract
Eat lots of green vegetables, specially spinach, kale and berries, blueberries, blackberries, cherries and fruits rich in Vitamin C and E.
Avoid dairy products and saturated fats these produce free radicals which cause cataracts and damage to the lens.
Do not use any antihistamines if you have cataracts.
Bilberry Strengthens and protects veins and blood vessels, protects the retina, reduces pressure in glaucoma and can stop the growth of cataracts.
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