Oral herpes is an infection of the mouth and lips caused by the herpes simplex virus (also termed HSV). The virus causes painful sores on lips, gums, tongue, roof of the mouth, and inside the cheeks and sometimes on the face and neck. It also can cause symptoms such as fever and muscle aches. People commonly refer to the infection as "cold sores." Another condition, "canker sore," is often thought to be caused by HSV, but this is not true.
Canker sores occur only inside the mouth, on the tongue and on the soft palate (roof of mouth), not on skin surfaces. Although they reoccur, they are not contagious, usually are self-limiting, and have almost no complications. Canker sores are caused by substances that irritate the oral mucosa.
There are two types of HSV, termed HSV-1 and HSV-2. These two viruses have distinctly different DNA, and both cause oral and genital lesions. However, HSV-1 causes about 80% of all oral lesions and only about 20% of genital lesions while HSV-2 causes the reverse (80% genital and 20% oral). Studies also suggests that in adolescents, up to 40% of genital herpes is caused by HSV-1 because of reported increased oral/genital contact.
Causes of Oral Herpes:
These viruses enter the body through small cuts, abrasions, or breaks in the skin or mucous membranes. The majority enter after an uninfected person has direct contact with someone carrying the virus (either with or without noticeable lesions). Simply touching an infected person is often the way children get exposed. Adolescents and adults frequently get exposed by skin contact also but may get their first exposure by kissing or sexual contact, especially for HSV-2.
Oral lesions (and genital lesions) can reoccur. This happens because the HSV viruses are still alive but exist in a dormant, or quiet state, in nerve cells. Occasionally, conditions in the body (see Stage 3 above) allow the HSV to actively multiply, resulting in a new crop of lesions.
The HSV viruses multiply in the human cells by utilizing most of the human cells functions; one of the HSV steps in multiplication is to take over the human cell's nucleus and alter its structure. The altered nucleus (enlarged and lobulated or multinucleated) is what is used to help diagnose HSV infections by microscopic examination. The reason sores appear is because as they mature the many HSV particles rupture the human cell's membrane as they break out of the cell.
Oral Herpes (HSV-1) Symptoms and Signs
Incubation period: For HSV-1, the amount of time between contact with the virus and the appearance of symptoms, the incubation period, is two to 12 days. Most people average about four days. Duration of illness: Signs and symptoms will last two to three weeks. Fever, tiredness, muscle aches, and irritability may occur. www.herbalcureindia.com Pain, burning, tingling, or itching occurs at the infection site before the sores appear. Many patients have reported these symptoms prior to the appearance of sores or blisters. Then clusters of blisters erupt. These blisters break down rapidly and, when seen, appear as tiny, shallow, gray ulcers on a red base. A few days later, they become crusted or scabbed and appear drier and more yellow.
Home Remedy For Herpes
The most popular and effective home remedies for herpes is rub ice on the herpes for a few minutes. It would provide instant healing effect. Prepare black coffee without sugar. After having the coffee, apply the remains in the cup, on the herpes. Take some baking powder and pat a cotton ball with it over the infected area. This would be beneficial in treating herpes.
Take 5 drops each of Bergamot oil and eucalyptus oil. Coat this mix on the herpes affected area after every few minutes. Take a cup of olive oil and pour it in a pot. Add some bee wax and lavender oil to it and cook the mixture. When cooked, allow it to cool. Thereafter, coat it on the herpes. In 3 liters of water, add 25 grams each of dried mullein, mallow roots and marsh mallow roots. Simmer it for about 3 minutes. Filter the mixture and use on a compress day and might. This would reduce irritation and also prevent herpes. Grate a carrot and wrap it in a cloth. Apply this on the blisters. It would lessen glandular swelling and alleviate the pain, thereby, providing healing effect. Increase in the consumption of foods rich in vitamins, zinc and iron. It is also advisable to have lots of leafy vegetables and fruits.
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