Cervical spondylosis is a disorder caused by abnormal wear on the cartilage and bones of the neck with degeneration and mineral deposits in the cushions between the vertebrae. The bones of the neck are called cervical vertebrae. The cushions between the vertebrae are called cervical disks.
The abnormal wear on the cartilage and bones of the neck can gradually compress one or more of the nerve roots. When nerve roots are compressed, pain in the neck and arm, weakness, and changes in sensation will occur. In advanced cases of cervical spondylosis, the spinal cord maybe become compressed. If the spinal cord becomes compressed, the pain, weakness and changes in sensation will also occur in the legs.
Cervical spondylosis is also called cervical osteoarthritis.
What Causes Cervical Spondylosis?
Cervical spondylosis is caused by chronic degeneration of the cervical spine, the cushions between the neck vertebrae, and joints between the bones of the cervical spine. A previous neck injury can predispose to a person to cervical spondylosis.
What are the Symptoms of Cervical Spondylosis?
The most common symptoms of cervical spondylosis are:
Neck pain (may radiate to the arms or shoulder)
Loss of sensation or abnormal sensations of the shoulders, arms
Weakness of the arms
Neck stiffness that progressively worsens
Loss of balance
Loss of control of the bladder or bowels
Treatment of Cervical Spondylosis
People with sedentary occupation should change positions often, stand up every hour, avoid soft cushioned seats, use thin pillows or avoid it, and sleep on firm mattresses with knees bent at right angles to the torso.
Perform joint movements moving wrists up and down, folding and unfolding fingers, rotating wrists clockwise and anticlockwise, moving neck up and down, moving to the sides and rotating it clockwise and anticlockwise.
The patient should have 4 meals a day consisting of milk, salad of raw vegetables, steamed vegetables, whole-wheat bread and sprouts. Adequate amounts of proteins, vitamin C, Vitamin D, calcium and phosphorus are also essential. Avoid sour curd, sugar, spicy, fried and fatty foods, tea and coffee, refined and processed food and tobacco and smoking.
2-3 cloves of garlic should be taken in the morning. Oil prepared by frying 10 cloves of garlic in 60gms of oil, cooled and then applied vigorously in affected part left for 3 hours and then take a warm bath. This should be followed for 15 days.
Lemon juice mixed with salt should be taken 2-3 times daily and chebulic myrobalan after meals gives quick relief.
Yoga or hot fomentation for 5-10 minutes twice a day or mild oil massage to neck, shoulders and hands are beneficial.
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