Cholesterol is a kind of fat that is part of all animal cells. It is essential for lots of of the body metabolic processes, including hormone and bile production, and to help the body use vitamin D.
Cholesterol is more abundant in tissues which either synthesize more or have more abundant densely-packed membranes, for example, the liver, spinal cord and brain.
The liver is the major processing center for cholesterol. When we eat animal fats, the liver returns the cholesterol it can not employ to our bloodstream and when there is too much cholesterol circulating in our bloodstream, it can build up into fatty deposits. These deposits reason the arteries to narrow and can eventually block the arteries totally, leading to heart disease and stroke.
Cholesterol is shaped by the liver and it is also complete by most cells in the body. It is carried approximately in the blood by lipoproteins. We need blood cholesterol because the body uses it to build the structure of cell membranes, to produce hormones like testosterone, adrenaline and estrogen and to aid the metabolism.
Types of Cholesterol
There are two types of cholesterol, good and bad, the dissimilarity between them is:
a. Low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol called the bad cholesterol because it goes into the bloodstream and clogs up your arteries.
b. High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol called the fine cholesterol because it assists to take the bad cholesterol out of the bloodstream.
Cholesterol is transported towards peripheral tissues by the lipoproteins chylomicrons, extremely low density lipoproteins (VLDL) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL).
Risks associated with high triglycerides
According to the lipid hypothesis, unusually high cholesterol levels (hypercholesterolemia), or more correctly, higher concentrations of LDL and lower concentrations of functional HDL are powerfully associated with cardiovascular disease because these promote atheroma growth in arteries (atherosclerosis). High cholesterol has also been linked to diabetes and high blood pressure.
Both heredity and diet have an important influence on a person's LDL, HDL and total cholesterol levels. Evidence strongly indicates that high cholesterol levels can reason narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis), heart attacks, and strokes.
Cholesterol testing is optional as a screening test to be done on all adults at least once each five years.
Foods that contain cholesterol
The cholesterol in your diet comes mostly from the saturated fats found in animal products. All foods from animals contain several cholesterol. Foods from plants do not hold cholesterol. Extra sources of dietary cholesterol are full fat dairy foods, eggs and some seafood. How to lower high cholesterol
The best way to uphold healthy levels of cholesterol in your diet is to limit foods high in saturated fats. Try to keep away from: Fatty meats, full fat dairy products, processed meats like salami and sausages, snack foods like chips, most remove foods, especially deep fried foods, cakes, biscuits and pastries.
However the most important thing you can do to reduce your cholesterol level is to maintain a healthy lifestyle. You should try to:
a. Limit the amount of cholesterol-rich foods you eat. Enlarge the amount and diversity of fresh fruit, vegetables and wholegrain foods you have every day.
b. Choose low or abridged fat milk, yoghurt and other dairy products or have added calcium soy drinks.
c. Choose lean meat (meat trimmed of fat or labeled as heart smart).
d. Limit fatty meats, including sausages and salami, and choose leaner sandwich meats like turkey breast or cooked lean chicken.
e. Have fish (fresh or canned) at least twice a week. Restore butter and dairy blends with polyunsaturated margarines.
f. Comprise foods in your diet that are rich in soluble fiber and healthy fats, such as nuts, legumes and seeds.
g. Limit cheese and ice cream to two times a week.
Treatment for high cholesterol
Treatment of high cholesterol is aimed at lowering the low-density lipoproteins (LDL) or bad cholesterol, lowering triglyceride levels, and increasing the high-density lipoproteins (HDL) or fine cholesterol.
Treatment will be most effectual if it also includes suitable diet, weight loss (if necessary) and physical activity.
The first steps in treating high cholesterol levels are: Regular physical action and healthy eating.
There are also several foods that may assist to lower cholesterol levels, particularly garlic, soya, oats, corn and selenium-enriched cereals.
Cholesterol-lowering foods are not suitable for children under five years or for pregnant or breastfeeding mothers. Herbal Remedies for High Blood Cholesterol
Eat garlic frequently. It is an effective herbal remedy for lowering cholesterol
Take 3 grams of combination of giloye with black pepper powder two times a day. It is too an effectual herbal remedy for lowering cholesterol
Taking one tablespoon of honey is also fine for lowering cholesterol
Take guggulu for natural cholesterol lowering
Take one teaspoon of oil of the ishabgul seeds twice a day. It will assist in lowering blood cholesterol
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