Diabetes or diabetes is the most common chronic non-infectious disease of the modern world, the number of patients is still increasing rapidly. Because of its prevalence and the lack of visible signs of the disease is diabetes pressing health problem, which experts draw attention to early diagnosis, proper treatment and training of patients to successfully manage the disease.
Diabetes is, as experts explain the Slovenian Chamber of Pharmacy, a complex chronic metabolic disorder characterized by elevated levels of sugar (glucose) levels, which may result from defective insulin secretion, lack of response of body cells to its function or both. Therefore, diabetes experts speak as a group of diseases with different causes and mechanisms of formation, but the same effect - for all the disturbances in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
Disruption accompanying the patient throughout life and can cause permanent damage to tissues or organ systems, failure of some organs (most commonly the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and blood vessels), causing lower quality of life and shortened life expectancy.
Lifestyle and genetics
There are several types of diabetes, the most common diabetes type 2 It has about 90 percent of all patients, usually occurs after 45 age. Experts stress that a key cause of the disease inadequate lifestyle and genetic changes that affect the altered secretion of insulin. This means that there is impaired ability of beta cells, the pancreas that produce insulin, and / or increased resistance to its action in some tissues, and excessive hepatic glucose production. Those causes of disease can occur individually, you could follow, but it can also occur simultaneously.
Type 2 diabetes develops slowly, often coupled with other disorders in fat metabolism and increases in arterial pressure. Typically, patients first few years usually have no problems, because after a longer time of glucose in the blood increases so much that there are distinctive symptoms: thirst, frequent urination and profuse, and weight loss. Which is why the vast majority of patients discover the disease until it is already well advanced.
"Beginning of the disease has little effect on the wellbeing of the patient; the consequences are very serious and eventually cause damage to the eyes, kidneys and nerves. Diabetes remains incurable, some call it a disease with several faces, working quietly and in a longer time span, "says the doc. dr. Andrew John, Head, Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and metabolic diseases in the University Medical Centre Ljubljana.”It is very important that diabetics take care of the regulation of blood pressure and lipids.
"Active participation in the treatment of the patient The best method for preventing diabetes is a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet and regular physical activity. However, if diagnosed with diabetes, it is very important that the patient take an active role in treatment and have their disease under control as much as possible.
Treatment usually takes place in parallel with a non-pharmacological measures and medications. During the first fall diet and physical activity.
Pharmacological treatment usually takes place through a combination of several drugs and, if necessary, with insulin. Treatment is difficult, but successful if the patient is competent to manage diabetes, exercise the necessary self-control and actively participate in treatment. Active participation in treatment may also have bad sides, as not infrequently happens that patients are free to decide whether to change the regime of drugs, without discussing it with medical professionals or by amending the least informed, which can run incorrect assessment of the outcomes of treatment.
Therefore, the Slovenian Chamber of Pharmacy professionals who are on this year's World Day of diabetes in the Slovenian health pharmacy prepared a week aimed at raising awareness on the prevention and treatment of diabetes and the importance of pharmaceutical care program in its management, stress that the biggest challenge in the treatment of diabetes to encourage patients to adhere to recommendations for treatment, because it takes a long time.
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