There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2 the first usually occurs in children and adults from the age of thirty, the other is due to progressive deterioration of beta cells and the limited ability of body cells to use insulin, which is called insulin resistance.
Diabetes type 2
The reasons for the emergence of type 2 diabetes are not known, but more analysis shows that the illness was a combination of genetic susceptibility and the external factors or environmental factors. Influences from the environment are reduced physical activity and increased caloric intake, especially fat. Similarly, the impact that they have reduced physical activity and excessive caloric intake to develop diabetes, the reason for the global epidemic rising incidence of type 2 diabetes
Risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes are:
- Type 2 diabetes in the family
- Age over 45 years
- Demonstrated impaired glucose tolerance
- Physical inactivity
- Diabetes in pregnancy
Signs and risk factors
For both types of diabetes blood sugar level rises and can cause symptoms such as:
- Frequent urination (over-wetting)
- Blurred vision
- Weight loss
However, approximately 50% of patients with type 2 diabetes without typical signs and their disease detected by chance. Diabetes is a chronic disease and can cause serious complications if not detected early and is not appropriate to run. For both types of diabetes complications may arise in the eyes, kidneys, nerves and major blood vessels, which can lead to vision loss, amputations, kidney failure and heart attacks. These complications can be prevented or delayed by early detection and appropriate treatment.
Treatment of type 2 diabetes
Eventually, the amount of insulin produced by beta cells in diabetes type 2 is less. Control of blood sugar can further the resistance to insulin, which is particularly characteristic of obese people. The primary goal of treatment is to maintain or improve beta cell function and insulin sensitivity.
Reliable scientific evidence to date the largest study of type 2 diabetes, UKPDS (United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study), published by the end of 1998, shows that intensive treatment of diabetes, which aims to almost normal levels of blood sugar, reduce disease complications. UKPDS showed that better regulation of blood sugar reduces the progression of eye disease by 25%, early renal impairment by 33%. More regular blood pressure and reducing the after-death from complications of strokes and serious deterioration in vision of at least 33%.
The first step towards the regulation of type 2 diabetes is to start eating healthier and moving more. In patients with excessive weight, weight reduction is necessary. When only these measures we can no longer adequately control the blood sugar is required additional treatment with oral ant diabetics (POAD) and / or insulin.
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