Diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by high levels of blood glucose simple sugar that provides energy to cells of the human body. Diabetes develops when the body does not produce or effectively uses a hormone called insulin, which helps to remove excess glucose from the blood.
The most common type of diabetes is type 2 diabetes, caused by weakness of the body to produce enough insulin or can not use it properly. The second most common type of diabetes is Type 1 diabetes, which occurs when the body can no longer produce this vital hormone.
Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body no longer produces insulin, the hormone that helps to remove excess glucose simple sugar "energizing" the cells of the human body from the blood. People with type 1 diabetes should be treated with additional injections of insulin. Type 1 diabetes represents 10-15% of all diseases and diabetes occurs more frequently in children and adolescents.
Diabetes type 2: Type 2 diabetes, which occurs mainly in adults, are more common than type 1 diabetes, corresponding to approximately 90-95% of all cases diagnosed. Patients with type 2 diabetes can not produce or effectively use a hormone called insulin, which helps to remove excess glucose from the blood. Type 2 diabetes has different causes and may go unnoticed for many years to people in distress. It may be decades elapse before symptoms begin to appear, and for this reason, the first diagnosed in middle-aged or elderly, well after the time that has already started the damage to the body.
Understanding of how the diabetes affects the body, you can understand the need to work with the nursing team to get the best possible treatment.
The main goal of diabetes treatment is to restore blood sugar glucose concentrations in the blood as close to normal, with the greatest possible security, and maintain them there.
To maintain the blood glucose values at the concentration is targeted. What will the merger is subject to the decision of your doctor for proper control of blood sugar, or to deal with major and minor complications of diabetes, while maintaining good control of other diseases often found among diabetics.
This is the starting point of your treatment. The first thing to understand is that the proper treatment of diabetes should: - Be aware when to take your medicine. - Be aware when to eat meals and snacks. - Be aware what time you must monitor your fitness.
Diet: Diet does not necessarily mean weight loss, but also the planning of meals. If you are diabetic, you have a diet specifically designed for you, based on your daily activities, your ideal body weight, other medical problems such as hypertension and high cholesterol value and other issues that may exist.
Usually, however, planning meals created to provide an exact number of calories at the appropriate times of day, so it can to keep your blood glucose in the most normalized as possible. Your diet will probably consist of foods rich in fiber in order to smooth the functioning of the intestines and reducing the absorption of fat from your body. It will be high levels of certain types of vitamins and low in protein.
The exercise is the secret weapon in the treatment of diabetes, especially aerobic exercise. Aerobic exercise is exercise that makes your heart to pump more blood and leads you to take deeper breaths - not necessarily the exercises that increase muscle mass.
The active aerobic exercise can help improve blood circulation, improve your cholesterol profile and lower risk of heart disease. Beyond this, however, there is another added advantage. The muscle cells do not require insulin to absorb glucose from the circulation. When active, simply absorb sugar and burn. Moreover, as tend to be active through the maintenance of aerobic exercise to improve the absorption and consumption of glucose.
Weight Reduction: Losing weight is not easy. Remember that the first goal of treatment is to return the blood glucose concentrations at normal values. Weight reduction will help both now and in the future because reducing the mass of fatty tissue in your body will reduce the amount of insulin required to activate these cells to absorb glucose daily. However, you can not diet - lightning. Rapid weight loss can be dangerous. It sets your body in great stress and may cause irregular drops in your blood sugar. Let your doctor to establish goals to reduce weight and help you with a method to achieve them.
Personal Care: Care of you is another important area for diabetic patients. Diabetes does not tend to stop only the proper functioning of nerves but also slows the healing process and reduces the resistance of skin infections. Get used to carefully inspect your hands and your feet daily. Your personal care includes: - Keep cleans the toilet and bath and extra care to use such spaces for public use. - Giving up smoking - Reduce the alcohol consumption
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