Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is a disorder of the human body that is characterized by high blood sugar levels, a condition known as hyperglycemia. It is caused either by an inadequate secretion of the glucose-regulating hormone, insulin, or an inadequate response by the body’s cells to insulin.
Symptoms Of Diabetes in women are as follows:
Sudden loss of weight
Slow healing process
Itchy and dry skin
Infections affecting women sexual organs
Swelling of heels, gum, and feet
What are the Different Types?
Diabetes is classified into two categories; these are type 1 and type 2.
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 – Also called juvenile onset diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), Type 1 diabetes is characterized by a decreased or outright absence of production of insulin. This is due to a disorder in the autoimmune response of the person, causing his own antibodies to attack the insulin producing cells in the pancreas.
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 – Also known as adult onset diabetes, obesity-related diabetes, or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), Type 2 diabetes results from the inability of the body’s cells to respond to insulin. As the disease progresses, the production of insulin in the body decreases.
Gestational Diabetes – This is often called Type 3 diabetes although the designation is rarely used in medical practice. Gestation diabetes occurs among women during pregnancy and is similar to Type 2 diabetes in that it is a result of the cell’s resistance to insulin. The consequence is often abnormal increased fetal weight, increased surrounding amniotic fluid caused by increased fetal urination (called polyhydramnios), fetal jaundice and low blood sugars after delivery. On rare occasions, the condition has also been said to cause intra-uterine death.
The treatment for Type 1 Diabetes is insulin injection. Apart from that, the patient has to undergo dietary and lifestyle regimes particularly made for them. The treatment options for the type 2 Diabetes include a mix of insulin supplement, tablets and dietary treatments. Nowadays Insulin is manufactured by genetic engineering. The patient is also advised to practice certain exercises and stop smoking.
The treatment for diabetes is a continuous process as the disease can not be cured but a person can follow the advice of the doctors along with the medicines to keep the blood sugar levels down. In some cases of type 1of Diabetes the pancreas of an afflicted person is replaced. Some obese patients suffering from Type 2 diabetes are treated with gastric bypass surgery. To diagnose the presence of the disease people should go for periodical screening for the disease.
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