Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed for the transformation of sugar, starch and other foods into energy needed for daily life. The exact causes of diabetes still remain a mystery to scientists, although it appears to play an important role in its creation, both genetics and environmental reasons, such as obesity and lack of exercise.
Diabetes is a metabolic disease that occurs when our body does not produce insulin or fails to properly use the hormone. Insulin helps glucose enter the cells to be used for energy production. Diabetes if left unchecked or if not treated properly, can lead to serious complications that cause disability and life-threatening.
It often happens that some people suffer from diabetes and not know it because their symptoms seem insignificant. Recent studies have shown that early diagnosis of diabetes from symptoms may reduce the likelihood of complications. The symptoms of Type I diabetes usually appear suddenly and evolve rapidly, often the first manifestation may be the development of diabetic ketoacidosis, with nausea, vomiting, diffuse abdominal pain and loss of consciousness. In type II diabetes symptoms are usually gradual and progressive. Often the symptoms of diabetes type II are missing completely and the patient feels healthy.
Some of the symptoms of diabetes are:
• Frequent urination • Excessive thirst • Excessive hunger • Unusual weight loss • Increased fatigue • Itching • Blurred vision
Types of Diabetes
O diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease where the body produces no insulin or not using it correctly. Insulin is the hormone that helps the body use the energy from sugar, starches and other foods.
The result is the body does not get the energy it needs, and sugar is not metabolized to accumulate in the blood causing damage to the body and its systems.
There are three different types of Diabetes mellitus type I, diabetes type II diabetes insipid us and each one has slightly different symptoms and is distinguished by a variety of ways of treatment.
Patients who have Type II diabetes can not produce or use insulin effectively, which helps to remove excess glucose from the blood. O diabetes insipid us is a condition where impaired function of the pituitary axis - leads to kidney failure by the agency to monitor the level of liquids, especially water, blood and urine.
Diet and Exercise
Healthy Diet: - A healthy diet is an effective way to reduce the chances of complications such as heart disease and stroke. A healthy diet that includes a wide variety of foods including vegetables, grains, fruits, low-fat dairy, legumes, lean meat, poultry and fish. Because it is very difficult to follow someone a perfect diet, the best way to get a possible healthier diet is to eat a wide variety of foods and check quantities. Also, make sure your choices from each food group, offers possible higher quality nutrients. In other words, choose foods rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber.
Exercise: - The prodiavitis is a serious situation, but can be treated. The good news is that recent research has shown that people who exhibit pre - diabetes can avoid the appearance of type 2 diabetes by making changes in their diet and increasing physical activity. In some cases they may succeed and restore the levels of blood glucose at normal levels.
These surveys even showed that although some drugs can delay the appearance of type 2 diabetes, diet and exercise have better results. Specifically, 30 minutes of daily exercise combined with weight loss of about 5-10%, can lead to a reduction of diabetes by 58%.
Login to add comments on this post.