The gall bladder is a non-descript organ that is found very close to the liver in the human body. The main function of this organ is to help the liver to absorb fat by gathering and accumulating bile. It is expected to let this matter into small intestines and the stomach as and when the need arises.
Urinary stones, bladder stones and struvite crystals are different names for the same condition. Made up of minerals (ammonium urate, struvite, cystine calculi and calcium oxalate) that build up in the urethra and block it, they making urination difficult and painful for your pet.
When there is a bladder stone, the muscles in the gall-bladder and the duct contract trying to make the stone move producing intense pain in the right side of the abdomen. The main symptom of the stone is a dull pain in the upper abdomen especially after having had a fatty meal. A frequent cause of infection of the bladder is insufficient urine production, for instance in hot weather.
If this cleaning mechanism of the bladder is interrupted, for example because of loss of water in the form of sweat, the bacteria will not be flushed out of the bladder often enough and will get time to multiply. Kidney stones have now been repeatedly produced in animals deficient in magnesium. Each increase in magnesium decreased the number of stones. Oxalic acid remained high, however, as long as vitamin B6 was lacking.
The reasons why stones form or are prevented from forming by these diets are not yet clear. It is known that vitamin A is quickly destroyed in the absence of vitamin E; that without vitamin A, millions of dying cells from mucous membranes covering the walls of the gall bladder slough off into the bile; and that stones form around a base of organic material. Many bladder problems are hard to diagnose due to factors such as size or localization.
A great majority of carcinomas of the urinary bladder are either undetectable with standard imaging techniques, or cannot be definitively differentiated from non-malignant carcinomas. Urine is a filtrate from the blood. The kidneys require blood pressure to force this filtration of the blood. Once the kidneys process the filtrate, it becomes urine. This then passively flows down to thin tubes, called the ureters, one ureter for each kidney.
The two types of stones normally seen are the cholesterol stones caused by cholesterol and the pigment stones caused by the bile juice. The two can be differentiated on their colour. There is another category called the mixed stones which may be formed due to the cholesterol and the bile juice together. For larger stones the gall bladder may be removed by abdominal surgery. After it has been removed bile is no longer stored in the body and when the liver produces bile it will flow from the liver through the common bile duct and out into the small intestine. Gall bladder symptoms are often quite painful, and so it is therefore important to know what can be done to relieve the pain, even temporarily until you find a more long term solution. The first thing you should do is change your diet.
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