Genital warts are flesh-colored or gray growths found in the genital area and anal region in both men and women. Genital warts are sometimes referred to as condyloma acuminata or venereal warts. They represent the most common sexually-transmitted disease caused by a virus. The warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Infection with genital warts may not be obvious.
Symptoms The warts appear between one and six months after infection. Symptoms may be slow to appear and are usually painless and if internal they may cause very few symptoms other than slight itching and mild irritation. Symptoms may include discomfort and pain, to bleeding and difficulty in urination (if they occur in the urethra, penis or vagina) and difficulty in swallowing (if they appear in the mouth or throat). HPV can easily be spread unknowingly by infected people.
Adverse effects Untreated genital warts can eventually spread, grow, and multiply into large clusters. These may cause a variety of health complications depending on where they are located. Genital warts are also closely associated with cancer of the cervix, anus, penis, scrotum, and vagina. Infected pregnant women can pass them on to their newborns, causing many potentially serious health problems for the infant.
Treatment Often these warts will disappear without any treatment. There are a wide variety of treatments available for genital wars such as trichloroecetic acid or podophyllin solution which kills the virus. These treatments are applied directly to the infected region and are washed off several hours later. There is a topical cream Aldara for application or interferon which can be directly injected, which is used as a treatment for warts. The warts themselves may require surgical removal by laser, cauterisation, cryotherapy (freezing off external warts with liquid nitrogen) or conventional surgery. These treatments are effective in eliminating the warts but the virus remains. Consequently warts may appear after, treatment.
Home Remedies There are no real home remedies for genital warts. There are a few things that you can do to prevent from getting them. Genital warts home remedies deal mostly with watching who you have sex with. If you have genital warts, then you should inform the other person before you have sex. Home remedies for genital warts also involved doing things to prevent trauma to that area. This can help them from bleeding. Last, but not least, be sure to avoid touching them or squeezing them. This can help prevent infections.
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