Before birth the testicles are formed within the body close to the kidneys. As the fetus grows, these glands move down to the groin and pass into the scrotum, carrying with them the spermatic cord, along with blood vessels and nerves. Failure to descend is known as undescended testicles. Often the channel through which the testis comes down fails to close, so that loops of bowel or omentum may find their way into the scrotum on one or both sides. This is known as indirect inguinal hernia.
Weakness in the abdominal wall may produce a similar result, known as a direct inguinal hernia. Both conditions may occur in the male.
A femoral hernia is usually more common in the female. Strangulated hernia occurs when a portion of the bowel becomes caught in the hernial sac, resulting in a strangulated hernia. This can be very serious, and may lead to complete intestinal obstruction and even severe peritonitis.
Umbilical hernia occurs when a small protrusion may be visible at or above the umbilicus, which gives an impulse on coughing. It is usually congenital and felt as a ring like opening. It may be acquired also when there is much distension of the abdominal wall as in ascitis, frequent pregnancy or great obesity.
Hernias are caused by a weakened area in the body to aging, surgery or an unusually large opening in the passage between the abdomen and the genitals that does not close completely before birth. Some athletes develop a hernia when repeated twisting and turning is involved.
Sometimes a portion of the stomach is located in the chest. This is known as hiatus hernia, or diaphragmatic hernia. Fullness of the stomach or pressure on the abdomen may cause part of the stomach to move up into the chest. In such cases there is often a feeling of distress, and there may also be bleeding at times. Hiatus hernia may develop in people of all ages and both sexes, although it is considered to be a condition of middle age. In fact, the majority of otherwise normal people past the age of 50 have small hiatus hernia.
Hernia home remedies The human body provides an abdominal wall that keeps the stomach and the intestines in place. However, this abdominal wall is made of muscle. So, if the muscle weakens or accidentally tears, the stomach or the intestines come bulging out of the abdominal wall and protrude in the form of a lump. This condition is known as a hernia.
Vigorous exercises are one of the primary causes of such hernias. Weight lifting, for example, increases the abdominal pressure and this can rip the abdominal wall. Coughing and excessive strain during excretion are also factors that can lead to hernia. Inguinal hernias — the ones that have the intestines bulging out in the groin — are most common in men than in women. Hiatal hernias are also known to occur though their occurrence is not known to be as frequent as that of inguinal hernias.
To contain hernias, you must use a truss. The truss helps to keep the organs in place. For this, you will need to consult your family physician: He, or she, will help you choose and decide on the truss that best suits your needs. You will also need to sit or lie in a posture that doesn't agitate the displaced organs. Ideally, it is advisable to raise the end of the bed at which you rest your head. In addition, you need to change the diet. Avoid milk and milk-related products that cause intestinal gas. You may also want to avoid onions, celery, raisins, carrots, and such other food items. Further, if the hernia strangulates, that is if blood supply to it is cut off, you will need to visit a hospital and get it surgically rectified.
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