A hernia occurs when the contents of a body cavity bulge out of the area where they are normally contained. These contents, usually portions of intestine or abdominal fatty tissue, are enclosed in the thin membrane that naturally lines the inside of the cavity. Although the term hernia can be used for bulges in other areas, it most often is used to describe hernias of the lower torso (abdominal-wall hernias).
Although abdominal hernias can be present at birth, others develop later in life. Some involve pathways formed during fetal development, existing openings in the abdominal cavity, or areas of abdominal-wall weakness.
Any condition that increases the pressure of the abdominal cavity may contribute to the formation or worsening of a hernia. Examples include
Straining during a bowel movement or urination,
Chronic lung disease, and
Fluid in the abdominal cavity.
What are the symptoms of hernia?
Lump in groin area when standing/straining & disappears when reclining
Pain at the site of the lump, especially when lifting a heavy object
Swelling of the scrotum
Excruciating abdominal pain(if you have strangulation)
Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite & pain (if intestinal obstruction occurs)
What is the treatment?
Patients with inguinal hernias can wear a special type of belt, called a truss, to support the hernia and keep it from bulging out. They should also avoid any activities that cause abdominal strain. However, most patients elect surgery to repair inguinal hernias and avoid the possibility of a strangulated hernia. The procedure to repair a hernia involves pushing the piece of intestine back into place and repairing the abdominal wall so the intestine cannot push through again.
Yogic remedy for inguinal hernia
Ardha means half. Nava is a ship, boat or vessel. This posture resembles the shape of a boat, hence the name.
Sit on the floor. Stretch the legs out in front and keep them straight.
Interlock the fingers and place them on the back of the head just above the neck.
Exhale, recline the trunk back and simultaneously raise the legs from the floor, keeping the knees tight and the toes pointed. The balance of the body rests on the buttocks and no part of the spine should be allowed to touch the floor. One feels the grip on the muscles of the abdomen and the lower back.
Keep the legs at an angle about 30 to 35 degrees from the floor and the crown of the head in line with the toes.
Hold this for 20 to 30 seconds with normal breathing. A sty for one minute in this posture indicates strong abdominal muscles.
Do not hold the breath during this asana, though the tendency is always to do it with suspension of breath after inhalation. If the breath is held, the effect will be felt on the stomach muscles and not on the abdominal organs. Deep inhalation in this asana would loosen the grip on the abdominal muscles. In order to maintain this grip, inhale, exhale and hold the breath and go on repeating this process but without breathing deeply. This will exercise not only the abdominal muscles but the organs also.
To maintain the body in Navasana and Ardhanavasana, the important muscles involved are the abdominal muscles and the back muscles. Maintenance the final posture is a very strong but harmless exercise to strengthen the lower abdominal muscles. This is to be avoided by persons with small umbilical hernia.
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