High Blood Sugar (glucose) occurs when blood composes much sugar. High Blood Sugar is also known as hyperglycemia. People who suffer from diabetes possess two specific types of high blood sugar or hyperglycemia. The people who keep fasting for eight hours experience the high blood sugar level.
It crosses over 130 mg/dl, and it usually happens after fasting. This is known as fasting hyperglycemia. When blood sugar crosses over 180 mg/dl, this condition is known as postprandial or after-meal hyperglycemia. People who do have diabetes experience the blood sugar level more than 140 mg/dl.
When you pass one to two hours, after a large meal, the post-meal sugar reaches at 180mg/dl, and it hardly happens. This indicator of high blood sugar can show a high risk of becoming a type 2 diabetic.
Symptoms to be noticed in Hyperglycemia
The symptoms must be understood in order to know what to do when one has Hyperglycemia. One of the most common symptoms would be higher glucose level in the blood and urine. At other times, frequent urination and feeling of thirstiness and extra demand for water happen. Hyperglycemia related problems can be cured by having appropriate treatment early.
How is Hyperglycemia caused?
Hyperglycemia is often a result of when food, activity and medications are not balanced. Some of the common reasons why this balance can be altered are:
Too much food or the wrong type food
Not enough medication
Not enough insulin
Poor injection technique
Overuse of injection sites
The easiest way to tell if you are experiencing hyperglycemia is to check your blood glucose levels. However, if you are experiencing frequent urination or increased thirst, these can also be signs of a problem. You should talk to your doctor to find out how often you should be testing your blood sugar levels.
If you do find that you are experiencing hyperglycemia, the fastest way to lower your blood sugar is to exercise. Eating smaller portions can also help. If you continue to experience frequent problems with hyperglycemia, talk to your doctor or dietician about changing your medication doses or your diet. Sometimes just changing the timing of when you eat or when you take your medication can help.
Untreated, hyperglycemia can turn into a diabetic coma. Your body can't use its insulin to break down glucose for food, so it starts breaking down fats instead. The body produces waste products called ketones, which it releases in urine. However, if it can't release the waste fast enough, ketoacidosis occurs, which can be life threatening. If you experience shortness of breath, fruity-smelling breath, nausea, or dry mouth, seek immediate medical attention.
The most important thing to remember about hyperglycemia is that it can be controlled if your blood sugar is under control. Monitor your diabetes frequently and seek help if it gets out of control.
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