Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar levels, if it does not pay attention, can cause serious damage. Long-term hyperglycemia causes chronic changes in many body systems and significantly impairs quality of life. However, the short-term hyperglycemia attention. It is important to know what you can do yourself to control your blood sugar level and keep it within limits.
High blood sugar levels
After hypo blood sugar levels usually increase sharply and then within hours of returning to normal. This is called a rebound effect, and it is important to distinguish it from constantly elevated blood glucose levels, which is actually a symptom of lack of insulin.
Cells and blood vessels
Insulin resistance - Type of diabetes where the cells are unable to get enough sugar, or glucose, so sugar is rising. Insulin resistance also means that the sugar production in the liver is not stopped, so the sugar levels are rising even more. The result is a glucose excretion in the urine, resulting in the loss to the water. With increased urine volume, and there are increased thirst. If nothing is done to correct this situation, you may begin heavy volume depletion or dehydration.
Feeling sick as a warning
High blood glucose or hyperglycemia symptoms
are: increased thirst, increased urine, tiredness, headache, blurred vision, etc.
There are many possible explanations for why the blood sugar level is too high. The most common causes: insufficient amount of insulin or orally administered dose, as much eaten, physical inactivity, an acute illness such as colds, stress at work, family conflict, etc.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia
When blood sugar is low, your body is trying to normalize the hormones help. Some of the symptoms of hypoglycemia such as tremor, hunger, chills, sweating and pallor, caused by the same hormones.
Other symptoms caused by deficiency of glucose the brain - the following symptoms may include confusion, drowsiness, behavioral disorders, and double vision. If the glucose deficit is becoming extremely serious, possible unconsciousness and convulsions. So always warn others, that hypoglycemia you can join the unconscious (sports activities at the time), and tell how to help you in an emergency - show where you store the syringe with the glucagon.
Diabetes care team
If you're a regular blood sugar control and proper treatment for diabetes, acute hyperglycaemia risk is low. However, if you fail to remedy substantially elevated blood glucose levels in the longer term, may threaten the health of your great loss of fluids, accompanied by a salt imbalance, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. If these symptoms begin, and very high blood sugar levels, you should consult your diabetes care team or go to the hospital.
What to do?
• Check your blood sugar, if possible; • Urgent need to drink a sweet drink tea with sugar, or eat sweets (cukurgraudus, candies) or 2-3 glucose tablets. Sweets located in a pocket or purse; • Wait 15 minutes and re-determine the level of blood sugar; • If blood sugar is still lower than 3.5 mmol / l, again drink a sweet drink or eat sweets; • Unconsciousness case (hypoglycaemic coma) can be provided only adjacent. Should be given 1 mg intramuscular glucagon, if you have it with you, and ask for a medical emergency (numbers 03 or 112); • Summoning assistance should contact the help needed for people with diabetes. In order to provide appropriate assistance as quickly as possible, people with diabetes should always carry in your pocket or purse a document certifying that he has diabetes.
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