Indigestion or dyspepsia is a painful or burning sensation in the upper abdomen and that courses usually accompanied by nausea, bloating, gas, fullness, and sometimes by vomiting. While indigestion may be the result of a disease or an ulcer in the digestive tract, it is often the result of overeating, it too fast, eating high fat, spicy foods or eating during stressful situations.
Indigestion is usually not a serious health problem, unless that is also accompanied by other symptoms such as weight loss or difficulty swallowing.
It is a common problem that can be triggered by eating certain foods or drinking alcohol or carbonated. It can also be caused by eating too fast or too much. Some people may find that spicy foods, foods rich in fiber, fatty foods or too much caffeine can all aggravate this problem. Symptoms may be worsened by anxiety and depression.
The causes are multiple and may include: irritation of the stomach (gastritis). Regurgitation or reflux of stomach acid. Aerophagia (swallowing air). Inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis). Lactose intolerance (inability to digest lactose, a sugar in milk and milk products). Irritable bowel syndrome and other disorders affecting intestinal motility. Anxiety or depression. Ulcers of the stomach or duodenum. Medications that irritate the stomach lining. Smoking or excessive drinking
• Excessive alcohol consumption • Eating hot or spicy foods • Overeating • Emotional stress or nervousness • Gallstones • Inflammation of the stomach ( gastritis chronic or acute) • Smoking • Too much caffeine • Ulcers ( duodenal ulcer or gastric)
The most common symptoms of indigestion can be very different. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Among them include: pain and discomfort in the upper abdomen, belching, diarrhea, bowel sounds strong. (Rumbling), nausea, constipation, poor appetite, flatulence (gas), etc. If the indigestion is accompanied by vomiting, sudden weight loss, stool looks black with tar, blood in the vomit, severe pain in the upper abdomen, shortness of breath or sweating, the problem may be more serious. Consult your doctor immediately.
Usually based on physical examination. However, because indigestion can be a sign of more serious medical problems, often laboratory examinations and x-rays of the stomach and small intestine to rule out other problems. On occasion it is appropriate to perform an endoscopy. Important symptoms described here for this disease can be confused with other diseases. To establish an accurate diagnosis, always consult your physician. The goal is to inform and educate Medicos Experts, so that descriptions of the diseases here offered no substitute for professional consultation.
• Make time for meals. • Chew food carefully and completely. • Avoid arguments during meals. • Avoid excitement or exercise immediately after meals. • A calm environment and rest may help relieve stress related indigestion. • Do acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and other NSAIDs. If you must take them, do a full stomach. • Antacids may relieve indigestion. There are stronger medications available OTC as ranitidine (Zantac), omeprazole (Prilosec OTC). The doctor may prescribe similar medications in higher doses or for longer periods than recommended for nonprescription drugs.
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