Cervical cancer is a malignant cancer tissue that attack cervix (organ connecting the uterus and vagina). There are some types of this cancer. Cervical cancer ranks first among cancers in women in most developing countries. It constitutes 34 percent of all women's cancers.
The approximate global incidence of women suffering annually from cervix cancer is 500,000. The cervix is a part of female reproductive system. It is the lower, narrow portion of the uterus where it joins with the top end of the vagina. During pregnancy of women the cervical os closes to help keep the fetus in the uterus until birth.
The most common symptoms of cervical cancer include pelvic pain or pain during intercourse, unexpected vaginal discharge or bleeding, increase in the frequency of urination etc. However, the occurrence of these symptoms doesn't necessarily imply cervical cancer. When cervical cancer early symptoms are suspected, Pap smears are the best screening technique currently available to evaluate the cells on the face of the cervix.
The Pap smear is a test for the early symptoms of cervical cancer such as cancerous or pre-cancerous cells of the cervix. In the Pap test, a speculum or a standard device used to examine the cervix is placed in the vagina. Cells are skimmed from the surface of cervical surface with a cotton swab and then smeared into a glass slide. Another sample is taken from the T-zone with a plastic spatula.
Women are encouraged to perform a Pap smear once a year since their first sexual intercourse and continued until they were aged about 70 years. If two to three years Pap smear results are normal results, women may decide to reduce the frequency to two to three years. Cervical smears are recommended for all women, although if the woman hasn't had sex.
The likelihood of cervical cancer in such girls is thought to be low, but it can still occur. Regular pelvic exams and Pap smears should be done once sexual activity starts. Most cervical cancer is caused by a virus called human papillomavirus, or HPV. You get HPV by having sex with someone who has it. There are many types of the HPV virus. Not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer.
When cervical cancer is advanced, surgery usually calls for a radical hysterectomy that not only removes the cervix and uterus, but also removes part of the vagina and lymph nodes. However, in advanced stages of cervical cancer, surgery is usually the only alternative.This spare the ovaries and other parts of the female genitalia. Radiation may also be used as a form of treatment. The radiation can be applied externally to the cervix or it can be placed into the cervix internally.
In advanced cervical cancer, radiation is usually combined with chemotherapy to enhance its effectiveness. Cervical cancers symptoms include vaginal bleeding, pain and bleeding during and after sexual intercourse among others. Symptoms of breast cancer include abnormal enlargement of breasts, pain, pale skin and hard solid formations in the breast. Women at the medium age of 40-50 years exhibit higher risks of developing cervical cancers.
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