An irregular period is defined as menstrual cycle that is either shorter than 21 days, or longer than 36 days. It may also be defined as cycles that vary significantly from month to month, even though they are within the normal time frames. For example, if one month your cycle is 23 days, and another it's 35, and then another it's 30, you might say you have irregular cycles.
It's actually normal for women to experience irregular cycles occasionally. Stress or illness can cause a delay in ovulation or menstruation, causing your cycle to be longer, and sometimes shorter, than usual. One or two periods a year that are "off" isn't something to be worried about.
Causes of Irregular Periods
A woman can have irregular periods due to significant weight loss or weight gain.
Over exercise can also result in irregular menstruation.
Poor nutrition and diet which is rich in carbohydrates is also related to hormonal imbalance and menstrual disturbances.
Some drugs can also cause irregularities in menstruation.
Many women who are smokers experience irregular periods.
Excessive intake of coffee is also a cause of irregular menstruation.
Some specific drugs can also cause menstrual irregularities.
Use of excessive alcohol can also disturb hormonal metabolism which also disturbs menstrual cycle.
Symptoms of Irregular Periods
As already explained, irregular periods are essentially characterized by what is irregular for a particular woman going through menopause. However, there are specific symptoms that can help to determine if irregular periods are occurring. The common symptoms are:
Common symptoms of irregular periods:
Infrequent/too frequent periods
Abnormal duration of bleeding
Changes in blood flow
Fertility and Irregular Periods
Treating Irregular Periods
Depending on the cause of your irregular periods, there may or may not be much you can do about them. If you have only been experiencing irregular periods for a short time (less than 7 months), it is likely that your periods will become regular again on their own. However, if there is an underlying medical condition that is causing your irregular periods, then receiving treatment for the condition should help to get your periods back on track. If you find that irregular periods are becoming annoying, there are some things that you can try to help regulate your hormones.
Reduce your stress levels. Take time to meditate, relax, or just hang out. This may help put your cycle back on track.
Get help for your eating disorder. If you are anorexic, bulimic, or if you suffer from other types of disordered eating, you must seek help. Not only will these eating disorders interrupt your menstrual cycle, but they can also severely affect your liver, bowel, throat, and heart functions.
Don't over exercise. While it is important to exercise regularly and keep fit, exercising too much can be problematic. If you are an endurance athlete, try to cut back on your training a little bit, until your irregular periods return to normal.
Home Remedies for Irregular Menstruation
Women who are anemic suffer a lot during menstruation. Sesame seeds offer relief from pain during menstruation. Add one tablespoon of sesame seeds in one glass of water and boil it. Allow it to cool and strain the mixture. Drink this water twice a day during menstruation.
Avoid fried foods, caffeinated drinks such as tea, coffee, and colas and meat and alcohol during menstruation as it can disrupt the natural cycle of your body.
Drinking the juice of bitter gourd everyday can also help to regularize your periods.
Drinking fennel seeds mixed in a glass of water is also recommended for restoring regular periods.
Grind one teaspoon of radish seeds and mix with buttermilk. Drink this mixture every day.
Consuming grape juice daily is also recommended to restore regular periods.
Drink a glass of carrot juice everyday for three months. This herbal remedy helps in treating an irregular menstrual cycle.
A combination of mint powder with a tablespoon of honey should be taken two to three times a day to treat irregular menstruation.
Consume more protein rich and iron rich foods. These help in normalizing an irregular menstrual cycle.
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