The formation of stones in the kidneys or urinary tract is not an uncommon disorder. The stones are formed from the chemicals usually found in the urine such as uric acid, phosphorus, calcium, and oxalic acid. They may vary in consistency from grit, sand, and gravel-like obstructions the size of a bird's egg.
Stones may form and grow because the concentration of a particular substance in the urine exceeds its solubility. Most kidney stones are composed either of calcium oxalate or phosphate, the latter being most common in the presence of infection. About ninety per cent of all stones contain calcium as the chief constituent. More than half of these are mixtures of calcium, ammonium and magnesium, phosphates and carbonates, while the remainder contains oxalate. Causes of Kidney Failure:
A drastic drop in blood pressure takes place in the body with severe bleeding, infection in the bloodstream (sepsis), dehydration or shock. Extremely low blood pressure prevents an adequate amount of blood from reaching your kidneys.
Kidney stones in the ureter tubes can prevent the passage of urine and results in the failure of kidney. Another reason for kidney failure is glomerulonephritis which is the inflammation and damage of the filtration system of the kidneys. Glomerulonephritis can be caused by postinfectious conditions and lupus.
Types of kidney diseases:
Glomerular disease: In this disease, the person excretes large amount of protein in urine and some times even the blood. This can be confirmed by taking a biopsy.
Chronic kidney disease: This disease is caused due to the inevitable rise of creatinine. This declines the renal function.
Acute renal failure: This is the sudden loss of renal function.
Electrolyte disorders: This is caused due to the imbalances of acids and bases.
Kidney stones: Kidney stones are the most common disease that can be seen in many people.
Treatment of Kidney Infection
For glomerulonephritis, treatment consists of rest and antibiotics for any bacterial infection. The treatment may continue for one to two weeks after tests of blood, blood pressure, and the urine indicates that the kidneys are back to normal. Sodium and protein may be restricted.
For pyelonephritis, the most important measures are to eliminate the bacteria with antibiotics given orally or intravenously and to correct any obstruction. When obstruction cannot be eliminated and recurrent infections persist, then long-term antibiotic therapy may be required.
Home Remedies for Kidney Failure
Experts suggest that drinking a teaspoon of basil juice mixed with a teaspoon of honey once daily for 6 months can help in removing kidney stones.
Drinking apple juice everyday can help in breaking down the minerals and acid salts thereby helping them to pass more easily through the urine thereby treating kidney stones.
Experts recommend that regular intake of celery can help those who are at a risk of developing kidney stones in the future
Among all fruits, watermelon is considered to have the highest water content and it is also a rich source of potassium. Being a diuretic, it can help in flushing out stones from the kidneys.
You can add 1-2 tablespoon of dried nettle leaves in 1 cup of hot water and boil it for few minutes. Drinking 2-3 cups of nettle leaf tea every day can help in preventing the formation of kidney stones.
Bran flakes are rich in fibre. This can help in removing oxalate and calcium in your urine thereby reducing the risk of developing kidney stones.
In acute renal failure kidneys are unable to excrete sodium and potassium from the body and so the electrolyte balance is disturbed.
Mineral intake in such case has to be restricted. Salt (sodium) is therefore restricted till the swelling is reduced.
Low protein, low salt and high carbohydrate diet is advised in kidney failure. Fluid intake has to be restricted. Urea which is a product of dietary protein is restricted from formation by low protein diet. Carbohydrate and fats reduces breakdown of tissue protein and thus is supplied adequately.
Fried and sour things are to be avoided.
Daily fluid replacement should be slightly more than the amount of urine excreted. This helps in replacement of fluids.
Login to add comments on this post.