The liver is the largest glandular organ of the body. It weighs about 3 lb (1.36 kg). It is reddish brown in color and is divided into four lobes of unequal size and shape. The liver lies on the right side of the abdominal cavity beneath the diaphragm. Blood is carried to the liver via two large vessels called the hepatic artery and the portal vein.
The heptic artery carries oxygen-rich blood from the aorta (a major vessel in the heart). The portal vein carries blood containing digested food from the small intestine. These blood vessels subdivide in the liver repeatedly, terminating in very small capillaries. Each capillary leads to a lobule. Liver tissue is composed of thousands of lobules, and each lobule is made up of hepatic cells, the basic metabolic cells of the liver.
Function of Liver
The liver has many functions. Some of the functions are: to produce substances that break down fats, convert glucose to glycogen, produce urea (the main substance of urine), make certain amino acids (the building blocks of proteins), filter harmful substances from the blood (such as alcohol), storage of vitamins and minerals (vitamins A, D, K and B12) and maintain a proper level or glucose in the blood. The liver is also responsible for producing cholesterol. It produces about 80% of the cholesterol in your body.
Liver Care Tips
Eat a healthy high fiber diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables that contain Vitamin C (tomatoes, peppers, cabbage) and sulfur (garlic, onions, legumes).
Fiber binds to the bile in your large intestines, which facilitates excretion. This is one of the ways which your body eliminates fat-soluble toxins from the body.
Avoid foods that are high in fat/sugar and increase your intake of quality foods which are rich in B-Vitamins, Vitamin E, beta carotene, calcium, and trace minerals.
Be sure to have adequate amounts of choline, betaine, methionine, folic acid, Vitamins B6 and 12, all of which are essential to promote liver decongestion, improve liver function and metabolize fat.
B-Vitamins are often depleted when the liver is overworked from alcohol consumption or toxic exposure. Good sources of B-Vitamins include brewer's yeast, pulses, nuts and seeds, brown rice, white rice and buckwheat.
Limit alcohol consumption. Alcohol abuse is the most damaging to the liver. Alcohol can increase iron absorption, and an excess of iron can, by itself, lead to liver damage and cirrhosis.
Drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water daily and avoid eating processed foods or foods that contain additives.
At all costs, avoid cigarette smoking or exposure to second-hand smoke. If you can, live in an area that reduces your exposure to pollution from cars and industry.
Practice safe sex. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C viruses live in all body fluids, including blood and seminal fluids, and can cause significant liver damage.
Home Remedies for Liver Cirrhosis
Reduce fat intake by 20-30 grams per day as in liver damage, bile secretion and digestion is affected that hinders the fat absorption.
Take one teaspoonful of glucose in one cup of water thrice a day in the morning, afternoon and nighttime.
Take juice of 2 oranges empty stomach for 5-7 days.
Take 50 grams of white radish leaves and stem, add sugar candy in it and drink it each morning with empty stomach. This is a very easy and one of the effective home remedies for liver care.
Daily intake of a pinch of roasted alum with buttermilk two times or thrice daily is highly beneficial in liver damage treatment.
Diet for liver enlargement
Half-cup juice of bathu (Chenopodium album) with little salt is also helpful and is good home remedy for liver enlargement.
Daily intake of half-cup bitter gourd with small amount of salt is very useful for liver and spleen enlargement.
Papaya is also useful in Liver Enlargement.
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