The heart is a muscle that works like a pump. Its main function is to provide enough blood to all tissues and cells of the body. In this way, oxygen and nutrients are brought to the tissues and wastes are discharged, to be finally disposed of outside the body.
The most common causes of heart disease are:
• A chronic heart valves. A defective heart valve prevents the heart to pump blood through the body. This condition occurs most often in dogs. • A disease of the myocardium (heart muscle). The fact that the heart muscle does not work correctly prevents the heart to pump blood through the body. This condition occurs most often in cats. • An infection called dirofilariasis (infection of the heart by parasitic worms). In areas where this parasite is present (Southern Europe), a heartworm can lead to heart failure.
General symptoms of Heart Problems:
The most common symptoms of heart disease are chest pain (tightness, tightness, crushing ...), excessive sweating, headache, nausea, dizziness, palpitations, points aside, abnormal shortness of breath (or difficulty breathing: shortness of breath), syncope or fainting, fatigue, require several pillows to sleep (better breathing), Sneeze bloody / blood tinged sputum, swollen legs and / or feet (edema) acute pulmonary edema (shortness of breath and feeling very important to stifle completely), weakness, getting up frequently at night to urinate, sleep disturbances, pallor, sudden cramp.
In renal failure, it is particularly important to take care of you. This involves a number of simple measures:
• Stop smoking. Smoking can damage the arteries and worsen heart disease. • Eat healthy. Eat fresh foods and low in salt and avoid fatty foods. Prevent fluid overload and get advice from your healthcare team. • Watch your cholesterol. If your blood cholesterol
(fat) is too high despite a good diet, you may need to take additional drugs called stations to reduce this rate. • Practice a regular exercise and moderation. Exercise helps keep a heart and muscles healthy. If you also have heart problems, it is preferable to initially discuss your exercise program with your doctor. • Regularly check your blood pressure. High blood pressure contributes to the deterioration of your kidneys and will put a strain on your heart and other blood vessels. Your doctor should measure your blood pressure regularly and may prescribe medication to lower it. • Make sure you are not anemic.
Factors that can lead to heart problems
- Weight: - Just as in humans, overweight pets are more likely to suffer heart problems than normal weight animals.
- Food: - A prolonged diet does not contain enough taurine may be a cause of heart disease (cardiomyopathy) in cats. An accumulation of fluid in the body can lead to a decrease in cardiac function and may be aggravated by food too salty.
- Heart worm infection: -In areas where there are heart worm (regions of southern Europe), this infection can cause heart problems.
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