The menstrual cycle is orchestrated by two hormones for excellence: estrogen and progesterone. The average interval between one period and another is 28 days. Soon after the end of bleeding, estrogen levels increase - which causes the proliferation of tissue that lines the uterine wall, the endometrial.
This happens to prepare the uterus to receive the egg. Estrogen continues to rise until the 14th or the 15th day of the cycle, when ovulation occurs. From that moment, the rates of progesterone also increase in favor of pregnancy, a hormone that keeps the thick wall of the uterus. Over the days, however, as the egg is not fertilized, the levels of both hormones drop suddenly.
Hormonal fluctuations recorded, mainly from the second half of the cycle are the source of most of the symptoms of PMS, according to experts. The drop in estrogen can cause headache fatigue. The increase in progesterone can trigger to anxiety and irritation and causing the body to retain fluid. Moreover, during PMS, brain levels of serotonin, a substance associated with a feeling of pleasure and well-being, fall.
Are there an explanation for depression and their greed for sweets in those days? Are reduced, although the levels of vitamin B6 and sugar in the blood and endorphins, a kind of natural opiate of the body. When progesterone declines, another hormone, prostaglandin, rises and with it, increases sensitivity to pain.
Often women and health professionals act as if menopause was a disease; it is certain that this time the woman's life should be lived more naturally and with less shock.
Menopause means the end of female fertility, neither more nor less, shall not cause disturbances or sexuality or activities that can make a woman healthy and vital.
At this stage, hormonal changes occur that cause a tendency to suffer from hot flashes and sweating, insomnia, anxiety, depression, vaginal dryness, overweight, high cholesterol, skin problems and weak bones, these disorders manifest as variable and need not affect the welfare and women's health, but are only statistically more frequent predisposition.
Food is a key factor in the life of the woman who has spent forty, at this stage must be taken that the diet is rich in calcium and minerals. Many women consume large quantities of milk thinking that these are the best source of calcium, although this belief is widespread, even among doctors, dieticians and naturopaths, this definitely is not. The milk and dairy products are too rich in protein and generate intolerance of milk sugar (lactose), factors that hinder the assimilation of it. The best sources of calcium are comparable figs, almonds, sesame seeds, watercress, cabbage, parsley and soybean; all of these foods have the added benefit of calcium have synergistic nutrients including magnesium, boron or zinc, besides providing additional quantities of fiber that help prevent cholesterol and overweight.
Another benefit of food is the possibility of adding phytoestrogens naturally, these substances have been shown to have preventive properties of osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, hot flashes or as an alternative to hormone replacement therapy, we can incorporate phytoestrogens paying attention to consumption of garlic, legumes, especially soybeans and their derivatives, or by supplementing the diet with propolis(honey or bees wax), ginseng.
Evening primrose oil has shown, after more than thirty years and hundreds of studies, being a hormonal regulator that provides great benefits to women's health, improving circulation problems, vaginal dryness, skin problems or emotional disorders without any effect undesirable.
As along life, physical activity is essential in menopause, especially to maintain bone density, bone mechanical load required to efficiently perform their metabolism. Once again, a sedentary lifestyle is an enemy of our health, and although the pace and intensity of exercise is determined individually, it is important to avoid any kind of immobility.
In this way, and thanks to the resources that nature provides us, the woman of today has the potential to achieve that menopause is the most vital stage of his life and happy.
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