Migraine is an intense, throbbing, and recurrent headache. It is a hereditary condition, and the inheritance is passed down through the females rather than the males. It generally affects one side of the head and often behind one eye or temple but sometimes affects both sides of head accompanied by nausea or vomiting and is particularly sensitive to bright light, loud noises, and smell.
A migraine headache comes on suddenly. The head and neck muscles, reacting from continuous stress, become overworked. The tight muscles squeeze the arteries and reduce the blood flow. Then, when the person relaxes suddenly, the constricted muscles expand, stretching the blood vessel walls. With each heart beat, the blood pushes through these vessels and expands them further, causing intense pain.
Migraine gives a fair warning before striking. The patient sees flashes of light or black spots or only parts of the objects in front of him.
What causes migraine headaches?
Migraine headaches seem to be caused in part by changes in the level of a chemical made in the brain called serotonin. Serotonin plays many roles in the body, and it can have an effect on blood vessels. When serotonin levels are high, blood vessels constrict (shrink). When serotonin levels fall, the blood vessels dilate (swell). This swelling can cause pain or other problems.
Many things can affect the level of serotonin in your body, including your level of blood sugar, certain foods and changes in your estrogen level if you're a woman.
What are the symptoms of migraine?
Symptoms of migraine can occur a while before the headache, immediately before the headache, during the headache, and after the headache. Although not all migraines are the same, typical symptoms include:
- Moderate to severe pain, usually confined to one side of the head, but switching in successive migraines
- Pulsing and throbbing head pain
- Increasing pain during physical activity
- Inability to perform regular activities due to pain
- Increased sensitivity to light and sound
Tips for Migraine
- Eat a healthy, balanced diet and do not skip meals.
- Exercise regularly. Exercise can help to reduce tension and stress and lower the chances of migraines. Pick an exercise that suits you and if strenuous physical activity is a trigger, then choose something gentle such as yoga, walking, or Pilates.
- Try stick to a regular sleep pattern, and ensure that you get enough sleep each night.
- Keep a migraine journal to help identify migraine triggers. Include all the foods, activities or anything else you did that day. Once you know your triggers then you can do your best to avoid them.
- Learn to relax. Practice relaxation techniques and deep breathing to help you manage stress and tension.
- If you feel a migraine coming on find a quiet and dark room and lay down with a cold compress on your forehead.
Home Remedies for Migraine
- Mix plain Rice with Curd in the night and keep it overnight. Eat this rice in the morning in empty stomach for some days to sure Migraine.
- Massage head with Castor oil (Erand) and put a wet cloth on the forehead, both helps to get relief from Migraine pain.
- Eating a spoon of Honey with half spoon of salt or just eating Honey or putting Honey in nostrils all helps to cure Migraine pain.
- Eating Jaggery (Gur) Mixed with pure Ghee, (Ghee prepared from cow milk) in the empty stomach for 5 days to helps to cure Migraine.
- Eating Goose berries (Amla) with Salt gives relief from Migraine.
- Eating Apple pieces with Salt for 3 weeks helps to get permanent relief from Migraine.
- Apply diluted Asafoetida (Hing) paste on the forehead and try to inhale its smell, to get relief from Migraine. Don't rub it as it can cause skin irritation.
Login to add comments on this post.