Since over fifty years of independence have come to pass and now nearly 1000 million Indians take pride in singing their national anthem, it is amazing that most of us are not aware of its background and meaning. A few facts of which you might be unaware. To begin with, India's national anthem, Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka, was written by Rabindranath Tagore in honor of King George V and the Queen of England when they visited India in 1919. To honor their visit Pandit Motilal Nehru had five stanzas included, which Are in praise of the King and Queen.
In the original Bengali verses only Those provinces that were under British rule, i.e. Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, etc. were mentioned. None of the princely states were recognized-Kashmir, Rajasthan, Andhra, Mysore or Kerala. Neither The Indian Ocean nor the Arabian Sea were included, since they were directly under Portuguese rule at that time. The Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka implies that King George V is the lord of the masses and Bharata Bhagya Vidhata is the bestower of good fortune.
Following is a translation of the five stanzas which glorify the King:
People wake up remembering your good name and they ask for your blessing and they sing your glories.
Around your throne people of all religions come and give their love and anxiously wait to hear your generous words.
Praise to the King for being the charioteer, for leading the ancient travelers beyond misery.
Drowned in the deep ignorance and suffering, poverty stricken, unconscious country waiting for the wink of your eye and your mother's (the Queen's) true protection.
In your compassionate plans, the sleeping Bharata (India) will wake up. We bow down to your feet O Queen, and glory to Rajeshwara (the King).
This whole poem does not indicate any love for the Motherland but exhibits a bleak picture of India. When you sing Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka,whom are you glorifying? Certainly not the Motherland. Is it God? The poem does not indicate that. It is time now to understand the original purpose and the implication of this, rather than blindly singing as has been done the past fifty years.
Pandit Nehru chose the present national anthem as opposed to Vande Mataram because he thought that it would be easier for the band to play. Today bands have advanced and they can very well play any music. So they can as well play Vande Mataram, which is a far truer reflection of the true spirit of India. Wake up, it's high time! Let everyone around you know of this!!
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