Skin exfoliation is the best step to fresh radiant skin. Skin exfoliation is done to improve the quality of the skin by removing the dead skin cells from the surface. As our human skin produces around 1 million skin cells per minute and that means over 5 billion skin cells per day.
Old skin cells from the surface becomes hard and loose their moisture as the new cells produces and eventually the old skin cells detach from the skin to allow the new ones to come through. This process is known as desquamation. This process eliminates damaged and dead cells that carry pollution particles and various micro- organisms from the environment. These dead cells don’t always fall from our skin, which makes our skin clogged and dull.
Thus through exfoliation whether by professional or at home these dead cells are removed effectively so that new cells can come over and give a fresh and healthy look. If exfoliation is done in a proper way, immediate difference can be noticed. Men’s skin looks more youthful then women because they tend to exfoliate daily when they shave and which women cannot do.
Skin's Natural Exfoliation
The skin naturally sheds dead skin cells through a process called desquamation. Every 28 days, on average, a new skin cell is "born" in the stratum germinativum, the deepest layer of the epidermis. The cell travels up through the epidermis until it reaches the uppermost layer of the skin, the stratum corneum. Once the cell reaches this layer, it is essentially dead. Ideally, new skin cells arrive at the skin's surface, pushing older cells off.
Where do the old skin cells go once they have been sloughed away? They settle on your furniture, in the form of dust. Yes, that's right. Most of the dust in your home is not dirt, but rather dead skin cells.
Acne and Dead Skin Cells
In those with acne, the natural desquamation process goes awry. Acne-prone skin produces more dead skin cells than is typical, and these cells aren't properly shed. This condition, called retention hyperkeratosis, is the reason regular exfoliation is so important for acne prone skin types.
In normal functioning skin, excess dead skin cells are constantly being sloughed away naturally. In acne-prone skin, dead cells remain stuck on the skin's surface and within the follicle, creating a clog (impaction). This plug of cellular debris and excess oil forms a blackhead or, if bacteria invade, an inflamed blemish.
Because of the inability of acne-prone skin to naturally shed dead skin cells, an outside means of exfoliation is necessary to help the process along. Regular use of an exfoliant can inhibit the formation of blackheads and blemishes by keeping the follicles free of blockages.
There are literally hundreds of exfoliating products and procedures available today, but all are found in one of two forms: physical or chemical.
Physical exfoliants work by manually removing dead skin cells with the help of an abrasive ingredient or implement. Physical exfoliants may be as simple as an over-the-counter scrub, or as involved as a professional procedure, such as microdermabrasion. www.herbalcureindia.com
Physical exfoliants leave your skin feeling soft and smooth, but they may not be the best choice for acne-prone skin. The friction involved in using a physical exfoliant can irritate already inflamed skin, exacerbating redness and promoting additional breakouts. Those with acne, especially inflamed acne, should avoid physical exfoliants altogether, unless otherwise advised by a doctor.
Examples of physical exfoliants include:
Scrubs Abrasive pads and cloths Microdermabrasion
Some of the most popular exfoliating treatments use chemical exfoliants. Chemical exfoliants dissolve or loosen the bonds that hold dead cells on the skin's surface by means of an acid or enzyme. Abrasive agents are not needed. Exfoliating acids and enzymes can be incorporated into lotions, gels, masks, toners, and more.
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Chemical exfoliants can be found over-the-counter at your local retail store, and many are gentle enough to be used daily. Stronger daily and weekly treatments, as well as light chemical peels, are available at day spas and skin spas. The estheticians working at these establishments can help you decide which treatments will be best for your skin. For the most powerful chemical exfoliant products, ask your dermatologist. He or she can provide you with a prescription treatment, or perform stronger chemical peels, if needed.
Most chemical exfoliants, whether over-the-counter or doctor prescribed, will dry the skin to some degree. Incorporating an oil-free moisturizer into your daily skin care routine will help ward off excessive dryness, peeling, and irritation.
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