Osteoporosis is a bone disease. It is virtually a disease on account of which the bones generally become fragile and weak. Osteoporosis if not taken proper care of lead may to the breakage of the bones thus leading to a fracture.
Osteoporosis generally is found to be very much typical in certain parts of the body, say for instance in the hips, wrists, spinal cord and also in the vertebras. Osteoporosis is like a silent killer which attacks an individual without prior symptoms.
Who gets osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a silent condition which weakens bones and causes fractures which can result in severe disability. It is the third most common disease (after Hypertension and Diabetes) in the elderly population. Osteoporosis has been recognized as the third most common disease to be prevalent in India by WHO ( World Health Organization). One in three women, and the one in five men around the world who will be affected by osteoporosis.
Causes of Osteoporosis
Causes of osteoporosis are heredity and lifestyle. Whites and Asians, tall and thin women and those with a history of osteoporosis are those at the highest risk of getting osteoporosis. The behavioral causes of increasing the risk of osteoporosis are smoking, alcohol abuse, prolonged inactivity and a diet low in calcium. There are also some diseases that are associated with aging that cause osteoporosis, which include kidney failure, liver disease, cancers, Paget´s disease, endocrine or glandular diseases, gonadal failure and rheumatoid arthritis. There are some medications like steroids, seizure drugs, thyroid hormone and blood thinners that are also found to cause osteoporosis.
Signs and Symptoms of Osteoporosis
During the preliminary stages of the bone disease, patients usually do not feel any symptoms. However as the bones become significantly weakened by the disease, the symptoms will start to appear. When osteoporosis is advanced, patients will likely notice symptoms of bone pain, back pain, height loss, neck pain, stooped posture, and bone fractures.
Since the symptoms are negligible during the early stages of osteoporosis, getting an early diagnosis can be inconvenient. Thus, Mayo Clinic recommends getting a bone density test if the patient is between 60 (female) to 70 (male) years old.
Treatment of Osteoporosis
Here is a list of methods of treatment of osteoporosis:
A balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D.
You may need strong pain killers (analgesics), for some time, for an osteoporotic fracture.
A healthy lifestyle.
Another treatment method for osteoporosis is using a method that is going to stop or eliminate bone loss. This is one of the reasons why patients are so prone to fractures. Due to the fact that they loose components of their bones over time, it is more likely for them to get bone fractures for any given reason.
An additional treatment goal for osteoporosis is to use a method whereby the bones are going to be strengthened. Typically, this is where the prescription medicine comes into play. Medicine is given that is going to strengthen the patient's bone. This is something that can certainly prevent fractures.
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