Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break. Osteoporosis often was thought to be conditions of frail elderly women develop. Osteoporosis leads to literally abnormally porous bone that is more compressible like a sponge, that dense as a brick.
This disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone leading to an increased risk of breaking bones (fractures). A broken bone can really affect a woman's life.
It can cause disability, pain or loss of independence. It may make it more difficult to do daily activities without assistance, such as walking. If you have osteoporosis, you have an increased risk of bone fractures (broken bones), especially in the hip, spine and wrist. In most cases, bones weaken when you have low levels of calcium, phosphorus and other minerals in the bones.
The process of remodeling of bone resumption to matrix synthesis to mineralization normally takes about 8 months - a slow but steady. The disease is "silent" because there are no symptoms when you have osteoporosis, and conditions may come to attention only after breaking a bone. Osteoporosis can also accompany endocrine disorders or result from excessive use of drugs such as steroids.
Osteoporosis can cause a person to stoop forward and appear to have a bump on his spine. The most serious and debilitating osteoporotic fracture is the hip fracture. The goal of treatment for osteoporosis is prevention of fractures in the first place. People with osteoporosis most often break bones in the hip, spine and wrist. Most patients with hip fracture who previously lived independently will require help from your family or home care.
In the United States, about 10 million people have osteoporosis. Another 18 million people have low bone mass that places them at increased risk of developing osteoporosis. Any bone can be affected, but of special concern are fractures of the hip and spine. One in two women and four men in an age over 50 will break a bone in his life due to osteoporosis. A hip fracture almost always requires hospitalization and major surgery. Normal bone is composed of protein, collagen, and calcium. Bones that are affected by osteoporosis can fracture with only a minor fall or injury that normally would not cause a bone fracture.
Causes of Osteoporosis Common causes and risk factor of osteoporosis include the following: A family history of osteoporosis. Smoking. Anorexia nervosa. Lack of exercise or long-term rest may cause weak bones. Small, thin women are at greater risk. Some drugs, e.g. steroids. Drinking alcohol. Lack of dietary calcium. Inactive lifestyle. Low levels of testosterone in men. Long postmenopausal range. Symptoms of Osteoporosis
Some signs and symptoms related to osteoporosis are: Back pain, which can be serious, if you have a fractured or collapsed vertebra. Broken bones. Loss of height over time, with an accompanying stooped posture. Dull pain in the bones and muscles. Neck pain.
Treatment of Osteoporosis Here is a list of methods of treatment of osteoporosis: A balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D. Exercise. You may need strong pain killers (analgesics), for some time, for an osteoporotic fracture. A healthy lifestyle.
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