Swine influenza is a viral infection of the nose, throat, trachea and bronchi. Symptoms main are cough, sore throat, runny nose and fever. If you do not have a fever, you not swine flu. There is usually more aching muscles, headache, fever and chills what is seen with the common cold.
Influenza is caused by the H1N1 virus. Began in March 2009 and June had spread to most of the world (a pandemic). After being exposed (contact close), 20% of people start having symptoms within 4 to 6 days after contact.
Diagnosis: How to tell when your child (a) has the swine flu
If the swine flu has spread in your community and your child has flu symptoms fever, then he or she probably has the flu virus. Not have to get evidence special. No call or see your child's physician, unless your child is in HIGH-Ries (see # 6) or develop a possible complication of the flu (see "Call your child's doctor. ")
How to treat swine flu
The swine flu treatment depends on your child's symptoms. It is no different with to treat the symptoms of the common cold. So far, the incidence of complications not higher than seasonal influenza. Bed rest is not necessary. The Antibiotics will not help.
- Fever or illness
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin) for fever over 102 ° F (39 ° C) or for any pain. Children or adolescents with influenza should never aspirin.
For children older than 6 of cough. If your child is over 1 year of age groups (1 / 2 teaspoon as needed). Never give honey to babies. If no groups available, you can use corn syrup. The cough of pharmacy are not as good as honey. Nor are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (known by its initials in English FDA) for Children less than 4 years.
- Sore throat
Tylenol or ibuprofen is helpful for sore throat. Older children 6 years can suck on hard candy. Children older than 1 year can make Sipping warm chicken broth or other liquids warm.
- Runny or stuffy
Drops of saline (warm water) nose followed by suction (or blowing your nose) usually open most blocked noses. Use these "Nasal washes" where your child can not breathe through your nose. You can buy spray saline without a prescription. The saline drops can also be made by adding ½ tsp (2 ml) of table salt to one cup (8 ounces or 240 ml) warm water. Use 2 or 3 drops at a time.
- Children complications HIGH-RISK
The following children are at high risk for flu complications Swine lung diseases (such as asthma), heart disease (such as congenital heart disease), a weak immune system (such as cancer) diabetes, sickle cell anemia, kidney disease, diseases aspirin therapy require long-term, chronic diseases, adolescents pregnant women or children younger than 5 years.
Swine Flu Prevention:
• When the swine flu vaccine is available, protect all family members. Children must be older than 6 months. ? • Prevent the spread to others: The virus is spread through sneezing, coughing and hand contact. Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. Wash hands frequently. Stay home when sick (a). Your child may return to daycare or school after the fever is gone for at least 24 hours. (CDC)
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