When the number of red blood cells or hemoglobin concentration is low the person is said to have anemia. Hemoglobin is a protein inside red blood cells that contains iron and transports oxygen.
Anemia is the most common blood disorder. About 3.5 million Americans are affected by it. It is much more common in developing countries, especially in very poor areas where people suffer from malnutrition
. In many parts of Africa is also difficult to anemia caused by malaria.
How many people who were already infected with malaria pre-existing anemia, most commonly as a result of malnutrition and helminthiasis (a disease caused by parasitic worms), the problem is compounded.
Blood / Hematology
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There are hundreds of types of anemia, which is divided into three groups:
Excessive blood loss anemia.
Chronic bleeding (bleeding long term) is often detected for a long time. The patient loses blood, which means the loss of red blood cells and hemoglobin. Acute hemorrhage (not long), may also reduce the number of red blood cells. Excessive blood loss may be caused by:
• Stomach ulcers. • Hemorrhoids. • Inflammation of the stomach (gastritis). • Cancer - sometimes stomach cancer or colon can cause bleeding. • Some drugs - NSAIDs (no steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) when used for prolonged periods or in high doses can occasionally cause bleeding in the stomach. • Childbirth - birth often includes the loss of blood.
The following may cause haemolysis:
• Immune Response • Infection • Some medicines • Toxins (poisons) • Some therapies, such as using the heart-lung bypass machine, or hemodialysis (used in patients with kidney disease)
To treat deficiency anemia, whether children or adults, is with vitamin supplements and foods rich in minerals. Food sources of iron include mainly meat, poultry, eggs, vegetables and fortified cereals.
If the anemia does not respond to oral therapy, it may be administered parent rally by drops or hem dialysis. Parenteral iron particular risks include fever, chills, back pain, malign, dizziness, syncope, rash, and anaphylactic shock. Monitor blood test is necessary to show whether the treatment was effective.
Treatment of anemia
• In recent years, all patients were dependent on the conservative method of treating anemia, which meant repeated blood transfusions to achieve at least the minimum natural tolerance (tolerance), signs of anemia. • This meant that patients were burdened with high doses of iron to the body just received transfusions as part of red blood cells, and to oblige over the various bodies which has led to the emergence of so-called. • One of the drawbacks of other administration was receiving a transfusion of foreign proteins, leading to immunization and subsequent worsening of the patient's prospects for a successful transplant. • Besides that, despite the high care, strict measures for examinations transfusions, however, patients were also at risk of transmission of infections such as hepatitis and the like.
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