The kidney is the organ responsible for filtering blood withdrawing the blood urea the acid the phosphorus and hydrogen. Moreover, reabsorbs albumin, sodium, potassium and calcium.
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is to renal injury and usually progressive and irreversible loss of kidney function. Currently it is defined by the presence of some type of renal injury kept for at least 3 months with or without reduction of renal filtration.
It is classified in stages according to progress according to chart below:
Stage Description Glomerular filtration (GF) 0 Risk of renal disease hypertension, diabetes, Family c / DRC > 90 mL / min 1 Kidney damage > 90mL/min 2 Kidney damage, mild FG 60 to 89 mL / min 3 Moderate FG 30 to 59 mL / min 4 Advanced FG 15 - 29 ml / min 5 Renal <15 mL / min
It is now known that about one in ten adults is a carrier of chronic kidney disease. Most of these people do not know who has this disease because it does not usually cause symptoms, except in very advanced stages. In many cases early diagnosis and treatment of disease in its early stages can help prevent the disease from progressing to more advanced stages. As renal disease is often associated with diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease, its treatment can also help prevent other complications such as myocardial infarction, heart failure and stroke. Therefore, it is important to know some things about kidney disease and how to prevent it and detect it.
The kidneys are the main organs responsible for elimination of toxins and substances that are most important to the body. They are also essential to keep fluids and salts from the body at adequate levels. In addition, they help produce some hormones and participate in blood pressure control. Therefore, kidney disease and its loss of function lead to a series of problems such as: blood pressure heart disease anemia changes in bones and nerves.
People at greatest risk for kidney disease are: diabetes blood pressure people with kidney disease in the family elderly people with cardiovascular disease.
Although the disease has no cause many symptoms, it is important to know some symptoms that may be related to renal disease: weakness fatigue swelling of face, feet or legs difficulty urinating urine foam changes in urine color (dark or brown) increase or decrease in amount of urine.
The main causes of chronic kidney disease are: Hypertension (high blood pressure) Diabetes Glomerulonephritis Hereditary diseases such as polycystic disease Obstructions (kidney stones, tumors) Kidney infections Recommendations that people with chronic kidney disease must follow: Keep blood pressure under control Reduce salt intake Reducing potassium Keeping glucose levels under control if diabetic Avoid the use of anti-inflammatory Moderate consumption of animal protein (meat, eggs and milk and derivatives).
Avoid foods high in sodium (salt): built-in general or even processed meats.
-Replace the salt as seasoning with olive oil, lemon juice, vinegar or herbs. -See your doctor about the limit of water. In case you need to limit consumption, avoid liquid foods. -Beware of foods rich in potassium such as banana, papaya, tomato, pumpkin, spinach, meat, potatoes, and beans. In renal insufficiency, in many cases, excess potassium can not be eliminated and lead to serious complications. -Consume in moderation food rich in calcium and phosphorus as dairy, meat, eggs, vegetables and cereals shell. In renal failure, as well as the above mentioned potassium, phosphorus may also not be eliminated in the urine and then being accumulated in the body; -Proteins are important but in this case are also dangerous to give preference to eat eggs, fish, soy, because the overload is lower when compared to other meats; -Avoid consumption of black tea, tea, soft drinks and a cola.
Dear reader, had a medical condition or not, take care of your food. Is it one of the main contributors to the quality of life!
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