Sciatica or sciatic neuritis is a set of symptoms including pain that may be caused by general compression and/or irritation of one of five spinal nerve roots that give rise to each sciatic nerve, or by compression or irritation of the left or right or both sciatic nerves. Sciatica pain can vary widely.
It may feel like a mild tingling, dull ache, or a burning sensation. In some cases, the pain is severe enough to make a person unable to move. The pain most often occurs on one side. Some people have sharp pain in one part of the leg or hip and numbness in other parts. The sensations may also be felt on the back of the calf or on the sole of the foot, and the affected leg may feel weak.
Many causes of sciatica exist. Instances of trauma to the sciatica nerve have been reported from accidents injuring the pelvic region, diseases such as diabetes damaging the sciatica nerve, osteoarthritis induced bone spurs narrowing the spinal canal and tumors placing pressure on the nerve. More commonly, however, the cause of sciatica can be found in a herniated lumbar disc.
Symptoms of Sciatica
- Severe muscle pain in buttocks, which may radiate to the thigh and the calf muscles, is the main symptom.
- Weakness of the calf muscles.
- Inability to stand due to crippling pain, disappearance of the pain on bed rest and return on extra exertion or slight injury.
When a person has to deal with sciatica for quite some time the best thing to learn about are all the different causes of sciatica. In fact, many people are rather surprised when they find out some of the different things that cause sciatica. Even though it depends on what type of professional you speak with about sciatica, there are really many different ways to get sciatica.
Treatment of sciatica is usually associated with treating a bulging disc. The first line of treatment is usually an attempt to reduce inflammation to reduce pressure on the nerve by means of oral medications. For more powerful anti-inflammatory effects, spinal injections with steroids like cortisone may be used.
Sciatica Home Remedies
What is the remedy for this condition and what can be helpful instead of going down the path to drugs and surgery? Many doctors recommend bed rest but exercise is usually much better in the long term for healing this condition. Some patients like to rest for a few days after an acute attack but if inactivity continues, this may make the pain worse. It is essential to understand that if the back muscles become weak and flabby from lack of exercise, then they will be less able to support the back.
Weak muscles here will cause more pain than before and will increase the chances of injury due to sudden movement. Exercising the lower back area and postural stretching can be enormously beneficial. Careful attention needs to be paid to posture and body mechanics to get the maximum benefit from the exercises. Exercises need to be done twice a day and under supervision of a trainer or instructor.
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