The speech is the most important way of communication in which symbols of the language are represented by verbal sound. Development of the language has some advantage in communication. In case of verbal language or speech, pronunciation of the words is very important part.
It is very much possible that some people or a group will find it difficult to pronounce a particular word or will pronounce it incorrectly. It can also be possible for some that they have to make special practice and efforts for pronunciation of some words. Having little or no ability to pronounce some words of a language or pronouncing it in incorrect manner can be termed as language disorders
Like deafness, there is a possibility of language disorder with respect to child if the child is suffering from mental retardation. Mental retardation is the condition, mostly congenital, where the development of the brain of the child is halted. In such cases, lots of centers of the brain, controlling various parts of the body are undeveloped. Mostly in all the cases, the speech or language centre remains undeveloped hence speech disorders are unavoidable in such cases.
There can also be some possibility of a disease may cause some kind of language or speech disorders. As in case of facial palsy or paraplegia (paralysis), the nerves associated with sensory as well as motor type of sense organ, tongue get affected. Because of this person can not use his/her tongue properly, can not redirect the air or udaan vaayu properly at the region in buccal cavity hence causes speech or language disorder. Apart fro any disease, there can be some neural disorder which can cause some trouble with respect to either speech area in the brain or the organ of tongue leading to speech disorder.
Symptoms of Speech Disorder
Repetition of sounds, words or phrase after age 4
Frustration with attempts to communicate
Heard jerking while talking
Eye blinking while talking
Embarrassment with speech.
Unintelligible speech by age 3
Leaves out consonants at the beginning of words by age 3.
Leaves out consonants at the end of words by age 4
Persistent problems with articulation after age 7
Leaves out sound where they should occur
Substitutes an incorrect sound for a correct one.
Deviation in the loudness and quality of the voice
Stuttering it quite common
Cluttering, a speech disorders that has similarities to stuttering
Dysprosody is the rarest neurological speech disorder. It is characterized by alterations in intensity, in the timing of utterance segments, and in rhythm, cadence, and intonation of words.
Difficulty in producing specific speech sounds may be considered a speech sound disorder, and subdivided into Articulation Disorders (also called Phonetic Disorder) and Phonemic Disorder.
Social Effects of Speech Disorders.
Suffering from a speech disorder can have negative social effects, especially among young children. Those with a speech disorders can be targets of bullying that can result in disorders can cause some sufferers to be shy and have poor public speaking skills. Some of the famous people with speech impediments are..
Humphrey Bogart, actor – Lisp
Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister - Lisp, Cluttering and Stutter.
Claudius, Roman Emperor – stutter
Elton John, Singer / Songwriter – Lisp
Marilyn Monroe, Actress – Stutter
Barbara Walters, Television Personality - Rhotacism and Lisp
Bruce Willis, Actor and Director – Stutter
Tiger Woods, Golfer – Stutter
Nicholas Brendon, Actor – Stutter
Login to add comments on this post.