Lateral epicondylitis also known as (tennis elbow, shooter's elbow and archer's elbow) is a condition where the outer part of the elbow becomes sore and tender. It is commonly associated with playing tennis and other racquet sports, though the injury can happen to almost anybody.
Tennis elbow is an overuse injury occurring in the lateral side of the elbow region, be more specific, occurs at common extensor tendon that originates from the lateral epicondyle. While the common name tennis elbow suggests that people who play tennis may develop this condition, other activities of daily living may also cause it. www.herbalcureindia.com
Data was collected from 113 patients who had tennis elbow and the main factor between them all was overexertion. Sportspersons as well as those who used the same repetitive motion for many years, especially in their profession, suffered from tennis elbow. It was also common in individuals who performed motions they were unaccustomed to. The data also mentioned that the majority of patients suffered tennis elbow in their right arms.
Tennis Elbow Symptoms The outer part of the elbow is rather painful and tender to touch. Movements of the elbow, and also movements, that involve lifting, with the hand on top, hurt real bad. Any sport, from badminton, to tennis, to golf involves both the massive movement of the wrist and the complete arm. The elbow is one such part which is most often neglected and once affected takes a rather long time to heal.
Tennis elbow appears in different ways. Some people get symptoms after doing the same type of work for several years. While others get the symptoms suddenly soon after starting a new type of work. The main symptom of tennis elbow is the pain on the outside of the elbow. The pain gets aggravated with the movements involving grasping and holding objects. The damage caused by tennis elbow consists of tiny tears in tendon parts and in muscle coverings. Even after the healing of injury, these areas remain susceptible to tear again that leads to hemorrhage and calcium deposits within the surrounding tissues.
Causes Although the condition is called tennis/golfers elbow there are many causes. Generally damage is done at the point the forearm tendon is anchored to the upper arm bone (humerous) by shock travelling up the arm whist gripping something tightly, for example using a hammer or playing tennis. The result is small tears in the tendon at the anchor point and inflammation occurs. As the forearm muscles are in continual tension due to the opposing action needed by the hand for gripping, the tendon inflammation (tendinitis) has little chance to heal.
Tennis elbow is caused by overuse, strain or injury to the tendon that attaches to the bone on the outside of the elbow (lateral epicondyle). This tendon is attached to the muscle that bends the hand backwards from the wrist. This results in tiny, microscopic tears in the tendon that causes inflammation and pain in the tendon.
Tennis elbow exercises
Here are some exercises that can help ease tennis elbow. Remember to do them slowly, and never to the point of pain. If you feel any pain, stop immediately.
Stretching. Start with extending the elbow to the point where it does not hurt, and hold for 20 seconds. You can do this 5 to 10 times a day, and gradually increase the extension. A prayer stretch, when you put your arms in front of your chest, and join your palms as if in prayer, will help you increase flexibility of your wrists. Slowly stretching the wrist will help you regain movement in your wrists.
Flexibility exercises. With your arm on a table, palm facing up, try to touch your little finger to your thumb. Repeat with the forefinger and all other fingers, holding each time for 10 to 20 seconds. Next, make a fist, and rotate your wrist slowly, stretching as much as you can. Finally, with your palm facing down on a table, flip it so that it’s facing up. Repeat this 20 times.
Strength training. This will help your arm recover sooner, and make it stronger so the injury does not reoccur. Remember to warm your arm well, using a heating pad if needed, or you will injure it again. If you need to, wear a brace. With your arm on a bench, and a light weight in your hand, curl your wrist to bring the weight towards you. Do 10 -15 reps everyday, gradually increasing the number of sets. Next, you can try reverse curls, with your palms facing the floor. You can also move your wrist laterally with a weight. Do a maximum of two sets a day. Another favourite exercise is to squeeze a tennis ball as much as you can, many times a day.
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