The thyroid is a small gland, shaped like a butterfly, that rests in the middle of the lower neck. Its primary function is to control the body’s metabolism (rate at which cells perform duties essential to living). To control metabolism, the thyroid produces hormones, which tell the body’s cells how much energy to use.
A properly functioning thyroid will maintain the right amount of hormones needed to keep the body’s metabolism functioning at a satisfactory rate. As the hormones are used, the thyroid creates replacements. The quantity of thyroid hormones in the bloodstream is monitored and controlled by the pituitary gland. When the pituitary gland, which is located in the center of the skull below the brain, senses either a lack of thyroid hormones or a high level of thyroid hormones, it will adjust its own hormone (TSH) and send it to the thyroid to tell it what to do.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism include:
- Fatigue and weakness
- Dry skin and dry hair and hair loss
- Weight gain and difficulty losing weight
- Intolerance to cold temperatures
- Muscle cramps and frequent muscle aches
- Depression and irritability
- Memory loss
- Decreased libido
Diet for thyroid patients
Goitrogens are naturally-occurring substances in food that can interfere with the functioning of the thyroid gland. There are two general categories of foods that have been associated with disrupted thyroid hormone production in humans: soybean-related foods and cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, turnips, mustard etc. Other foods not included in these categories -- such as peaches, strawberries, peach, peanuts, radish, tofu, spinach and millet -- also contain goitrogens. Patients with hypothyroidism should avoid the intake of iodine containing foods such as red food dyes, iodine in multivitamins and metabolic boosters, dairy products, shellfish, and processed foods that can block iodine absorption.
Exercise for patients
Regular exercise is very important. Early diagnosis and subsequent weight loss programmes are also important for overweight hypothyroid patients. The longer it takes to diagnose hypothyroidism, the more weight an individual may gain. There are also lifestyle changes a patient may have to make. For instance, toxins in cigarette and alcohol directly injure thyroid cells during their passage through the body. Immune system cells within the thyroid gland react to these compounds by producing thyroid antibodies or inflammation. People with Graves' disease who smoke are 7.7 times more likely to develop TED. By avoiding cigarettes and chemical additives, we can help restore immune function and thyroid health.
Home Remedies for Thyroid
- Another good home remedy for thyroid gland is to have primrose oil. This is the fatty acid that restores the functions of the thyroid gland.
- Regular intake of vitamin B complex is extremely helpful in treating thyroid conditions. Taking them also prevent other minor diseases. You should include green leafy vegetables. Vitamin B complex can also be taken as pills. It improves the cellular oxygenation and gives us energy. The group provides immunity and rejuvenates the body.
- Bladder wrack is rich in natural iodine. This will be very beneficial in preventing and treating various thyroid disorders.
- Food from the kitchen that contains calcium, zinc, iron, copper, manganese, terbium, and neodymium are very useful minerals and trace elements those are necessary for the good health of thyroid gland.
- Go for the low calorie food. Cut down on cakes, biscuits, sweets and alcoholic drinks those are relatively high in calories but low in nutrients.
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