Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation of the large intestine (colon). The colon is the part of the digestive system where waste material is stored. The rectum is the end of the colon adjacent to the anus. In patients with ulcerative colitis, ulcers and inflammation of the inner lining of the colon lead to symptoms of abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding.
The Causes of Ulcerative Colitis
There is currently no known cause of ulcerative colitis and the onset of the disease can occur at any time, but the most common age range of diagnosis is between the ages of 15 to 30 and it affects both sexes equally. However, there is growing speculation that ulcerative colitis and other similar conditions are genetic and that it runs in families.
Ulcerative colitis is not viewed as being caused by a poor diet but certain foods can enhance the symptoms in some sufferers. This means the need to maintain a healthy, balanced diet for ulcerative colitis sufferers is very important. Additionally, there is no link to stress as being a factor in the onset of the condition however many sufferers state stress does exacerbate symptoms.
Symptoms of Ulcerative colitis
Blood in faeces
Abdominal pain on the left side
Recurring fever and flare ups, fatigue and night sweats
Cramps and immediate movement of bowel
Constant urge for bowel movement
Watery stool containing blood and pus
Diagnosis and treatment
Sigmoidoscopy, barium test and colonoscopy can be used to diagnose ulcerative colitis.
Sigmoidoscopy allows direct view of the gastro-intestinal tract and the sigmoidoscope is inserted through anus to be moved in the colon.
Colonoscopy uses electronic imaging and it is also moved into the body through anus. Patients are drowsy during the procedure.
Barium tests is done by inserting the barium into the colon, which can be seen through the X-ray and barium shows all the irregularity in the intestinal lining.
Laboratory tests can also be done to diagnose the problem such as blood test, stool test, red blood cell count and white blood cell count.
Home Remedies for Ulcerative Colitis
Fiber may be an important food source for colitis treatment. Apples are a very good source of fibre. But avoid fibre during the flare-ups.
People with ulcerative colitis should consider taking a daily multivitamin/mineral supplement that contains at least 400 micrograms of folate.
Inability to digest lactose, the sugar in milk, can be a factor in colitis. By avoiding all milk products, you may be able to reduce your symptoms.
Strict bed rest with plenty of fluids and a high protein diet are very important.
Foods should be attractively prepared and the patient encouraged eating.
The diet should contain at least 2500 calories a day, given in three or four general meals.
Vitamin K can help to prevent hemorrhage from the bowel.
Avoid eating raw carrots, asparagus, zucchini, squash and other popular vegetables.
Marshmallow root is soothing and healing to inflamed mucous membranes. This is one of the important home remedies for colitis.
Wild yam is known to reduce gastrointestinal upset and nerve pain, and is also considered to be a strong antispasmodic and is potentially anti-inflammatory.
Ginger has traditionally been recommended in Chinese medicine for abdominal bloating, coughing, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Many doctors suggest eliminating all sugar (including soft drinks and processed foods with added sugar) from the diets of those with ulcerative colitis.
Laughing provides us with the natural inner massage, and through change of mood it can account for up to 30% of cure.
Login to add comments on this post.