Pain and aches in the head is called headache. The ache or pain experienced in the head is called a headache. This pain and discomfort may be for a short duration or for a prolonged period of time. Headache may be felt in a specific area or in more than one location. There are different kinds of headaches.
One type is called Tension. This happens when the muscles tighten and become stiff. It usually starts at the back, near the base of the skull. The area near the temples of may feel tight. This kind of headache is the most common kind. The causes may be various including stress, depression, strain on eyes, exertion and little or irregular sleep pattern. Physical and mental stress can trigger the pain.
The other kind of headache is the migraine. Migraine creates discomfort due to pain. Pain can be felt as a throbbing pain. It usually affects one side of the brain. Migraine can cause disturbance in the vision. It can cause sensitivity to sound and light.
Another kind is the Sinus headache. Due to infection in the sinus cavity, one can experience pain in the face where the sinus cavities are present. Nasal discharge is common in headache.
Cluster headaches cause sharp pain and come in clusters like the name suggests. It can make the eyes and nose watery. Cluster headaches are more serious but are rare.
Slight aches are not life threatening but some kind can be present as a symptom of a more serious illness like a head injury, neck injury, blood pressure problem or brain tumour.
The severity of pain is different in different people. It could be a genetic problem running in the family. A change in sleeping pattern, some medication, excessive alcohol, indigestion, low blood pressure, allergies, acidity and even some strong smells can trigger a headache.
Medications like aspirin, ibuprofen is taken for such aches. But these over the counter drugs often have side effects. They can cause drowsiness or the increase in the heartbeat. Some medicines do not go well with the stomach and digestive process of the person. Home remedies can be followed for relief. Some of the home remedies for headache are as follows
Apple: It is said "An apple a day keeps the doctor away". Eating an apple is said to provide relief from the pain.
Sandalwood paste: Make a paste of sandalwood and apply it on the effected are. Let it dry, and then wash off.
Peppermint Oil: Peppermint oil can be gently massaged for a soothing sensation.
Lemon: Take lemon juice or apply fresh lemon rind where the pain exists.
Wet Towel: Immerse a small towel in water and squeeze out the water. Put this towel on the head.
Oil Massage: Take some drops of oil and gently massage into the scalp. This process will improve blood circulation in head.
Cinnamon: This spice is beneficial. It can be applied in form of paste of included in the diet.
Eat healthy and exercise regularly or do yoga to remain stress free. Drink plenty of water and get enough rest and sound sleep. Try not to strain your eyes by the constant glare of the television or computer. Do not read in poor light, it also cause headache.
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