Diabetes is a chronic disease that makes the body unable to convert sugar into energy. Thus the level of sugar in the blood increases, which can lead to heart disease, blindness and other serious complications. Diabetes (type 2) affects people of all ages. The problem is that the symptoms are subtle and one third of patients are not aware that suffering.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes: - Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood or adolescence. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces no insulin because their own immune system to destroy cells that produce insulin. People with type 1 diabetes need daily to afford insulin.
Diabetes Type 2: - Diabetes type 2 is the most common type of diabetes, which affects 85-90% of people with diabetes. 2. Usually affects the elderly, but increasingly young people and children are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin, but he does not act properly and the pancreas produces more insulin. In the end, can not produce enough to maintain the balance of glucose under control.
Gestational Diabetes: - Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnancy and usually disappears when the child is born. Between 3-8% of pregnant women get gestational diabetes.
During pregnancy, hormones that the body produces to help the growth of the child, also inhibit the action of native insulin. Gestational diabetes occurs if the body can not produce enough insulin in response to increased demand for insulin.
What is best for diabetes patients?
Diets - Fortunately, people can reduce their risk of damage to the heart, eyes, kidneys and feet. The key lies in controlling blood sugar levels through proper diet. People suffering from type 2 diabetes should be careful with the intake of fats, proteins and calories.
Sport - Regular training in the gym or walking encourages the body to use insulin. The activity is good for burning fat, lowering blood pressure and protects heart. Diabetics are obliged to exercise at least 30 minutes a day every day.
Drug therapy - When people are unable to control blood sugar levels through diet or sports, here is drugs. Available are a large number of pills, and drink often in combination. Some act so as to stimulate the pancreas to secrete insulin, and others improve the effectiveness of already produced insulin.
Insulin - Many people with type 2 diabetes reach the stage when their pancreas produces insulin that Sun would have maintained the level of sugar in the blood. In that case, treatment with insulin injections or pump must become a daily routine.
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