What is said about cholesterol can be confusing. What is it? Can you do good and what foods are high in cholesterol? How high or low must be? You can do something about it? We've put together a simple guide to cholesterol, the "good" and” bad - yes, it is true that some cholesterol good for you! And how you can keep your normal levels.
What is cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a substance found naturally in the body and is essential for the proper functioning of every cell. The body uses cholesterol to manufacture vital chemicals such as vitamin D and certain hormones.
Most cholesterol is produced in the liver and a small amount from your diet. Too much saturated fat (bad fat) can raise cholesterol, while the replacement of saturated with unsaturated fats (good fats) can keep cholesterol levels low.
Cholesterol causes a problem only if blood levels are too high - if you have more cholesterol than your body needs can be build up of fatty deposits in your arteries, which can affect the health of your heart.
The HDL is not a good range of less than 40 mg / dl. In acute diseases may change prices HDL (as indeed of LDL). That is why we should not be measured in the way acute febrile syndromes, because they are unreliable.
What causes high cholesterol?
There are many factors that contribute to increased levels of cholesterol, but the most common cause is eating too much fat, particularly saturated fat. A high intake of saturated fats (butter, bacon), can raise bad (LDL) cholesterol.
Other factors such as heredity, age, lack of exercise, excessive thickness, the thyroid gland, and diabetes or kidney problems may also have negative effects on your blood cholesterol levels.
What changes you make to your lifestyle to lower your cholesterol?
Research shows that 80% of the risk of coronary heart disease can be reduced by simple lifestyle changes such as:
• A healthy and balanced diet • More physical activity • Maintain normal weight • Avoiding smoking • Less stress
In addition to medical study investigated the causes of the observed disorders. Today the goal of medicine in many pathological situations is not only the reduction of cholesterol and LDL, and increased HDL, which unfortunately often overlooked.
There are many genetic diseases and medication factors other than diet, causing disorders of HDL (eg liver, kidney disease, endocrine disease, taking oral contraceptives). The most common factors that cause abnormal reduction of HDL are obesity and sedentary. The maintenance of normal BMI, which is a specific marker currently used for assessing overweight and daily walking is very important.
The prudent decision alcohol causes increases beneficial HDL. A good diet that is adequate in vitamins and minerals, particularly that of the B vitamin niacin contained in the fish meat, dairy, whole grains and green vegetables, according to studies, helps to increase HDL. Some cases require the granting of a special drug.
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