Although asthma is a very common disease is not well understood. At present the treatment of asthma is more effective and more tolerated than ever before. It is hoped that the discoveries of medical research will lead to even better treatments.
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disease characterized by increased reactivity to various stimuli, leading to variable airway obstruction that is reversible.
People used to think that asthma is a psychological problem. There is, asthma is a real medical problem, but too much stress can aggravate asthma. Asthma
is a serious ongoing health problem. But can be successfully treated. People with asthma can lead normal lives, but need regular medical care. However, without appropriate treatment can be extremely dangerous disease, asthma, even fatal.
What causes asthma?
Scientists are unsure why some people have asthma and others do not. In many cases it may be an inherited susceptibility to asthma. Generally there are two main factors encouraging asthma:
• Trigger mechanism such as weather, dust, strong fumes, exercise, inhaled irritants, emotional distress, smoking; • Causes (crier), such as allergens (seeds, animal secretions, mold, household dust mites), and respiratory viral and bacterial infections.
Asthma and Children
• Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children and the leading cause of absence of children in schools, in terms of chronic diseases. • Childhood asthma is a disease with a genetic predisposition and a large proportion of allergies. Approximately 75 to 80% of children with asthma have significant allergies. • Any child who has often kašlieva or respiratory infections (pneumonia, bronchitis) may also have asthma.
Asthma and older people
• Some elderly people have asthma when they were children or young, elderly and they returned this problem. Other older people may be given to asthma in adulthood. • Asthma and asthma-like symptoms are very common in adults. More than a third of people over 65 years suffer from some form of difficulty in breathing, a common symptom of asthma. For the elderly it is sometimes difficult for a doctor to assess whether the problem is asthma or other lung disease. Successful treatment of asthma means cooperation between patients and physicians. • There are also certain medications that can affect asthma (causing its degradation), such as medicines regulating blood pressure and heart activity, aspirin, sleeping pills and sedatives.
Diagnosis of asthma
Correct diagnosis is extremely important. Because of the variability of symptoms, sometimes the diagnosis can not be determined immediately. The process includes:
Detailed history (family history of asthma, allergies, hay fever, eczema)
• Psychological examination, • X-ray chest (which is mostly negative) • Allergic sensitivity test, • Evaluation tests, • Differential diagnosis (for example, must be distinguished. bronchitis, emphysema), • Test intake of medicines for asthma.
What should I know when you have asthma?
• Remember to take your medicine regularly • Always take your medicine the right amount (not more or less) • Keep your inhaler with you and use it • Tell your teachers, friends or colleagues that you have asthma • Do not limit yourself • Know that what triggers your asthma attacks • Learn to feel when the attack comes
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